• Abraham Haim
  • Boris A. Portnov


The levels of health care and living conditions in many regions of the world have improved considerably in the past decades, especially in urban areas. Yet, modern urbanized and industrialized ecosystems are not necessarily the healthiest places to live in. In addition to many “traditional” health hazards, such as air pollution, and general stress associated with living in urban areas, yet, many new health hazards constantly emerge or are being recognized as such.


Daily Rhythm Biological Clock Light Pollution Artificial Illumination Population Level Study 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Interdisciplinary Research in ChronobiologyUniversity of HaifaHaifaIsrael
  2. 2.Department of Natural Resources & Environmental ManagementUniversity of HaifaHaifaIsrael

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