Surface Quality Improvement in CNC End Milling of Aluminum Alloy Using Nanolubrication System

  • Mohd Sayuti Ab Karim
  • Ahmed Aly Diaa Mohammed Sarhan
  • Mohd Hamdi Abd Shukor
Chapter
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 229)

Abstract

Aerospace applications and energy saving strategies in general raised the interest and study in the field of lightweight materials, especially on aluminum alloys. Aluminum Al2017-T4 and Al6061-T6 alloy which are used in this research work have low specific weight and high strength.The (CNC) milling machine facilities provides a wide variety of parameters setup, making the machining process of the aluminum alloy excellent in manufacturing complicated special products. However, the demand for high quality focuses attention especially on the roughness of the machined surface. The key solution for this issue is by introducing the nanolubrication system since it could produce much less friction in the tool-chip interface. In this research work, the Al2017-T4 and Al6061-T6 is machined by using the carbon onion nanoparticle and \(\mathrm{{SiO}}_{2}\) nanoparticles, respecticely when it mixed with ordinary mineral oil at various concentrations as a nanolubrication system. The reduction of surface roughness could be obtained when carbon onion and \(\mathrm{{SiO}}_{2}\) nanolubricant are used compared with the case of using ordinary lubricant due to the tribological properties of the carbon onion and \(\mathrm{{SiO}}_{2}\) nanolubricant to reduce the coefficient of friction in the tool-chip interface.

Keywords

Al2017-T4 alloy Al6061-T6 alloy Carbon onion nanolubrication End milling Morphological surface SiO2 nanolubrication Surface quality 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to acknowledge the University of Malaya, Malaysia and Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan for providing the necessary facilities and resources for this research. This study was partially funded by HIR Grant no. HIR-MOHE-D000001-16001. The authors gratefully acknowledge the Ministry of Higher Education Malaysia for the financial support.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohd Sayuti Ab Karim
    • 1
  • Ahmed Aly Diaa Mohammed Sarhan
    • 1
  • Mohd Hamdi Abd Shukor
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre of Advanced Manufacturing and Material Processing, Department of Engineering Design and Manufacturing, Engineering FacultyUniversity of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia

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