Calibration Procedures for Indoor Location Using Fingerprinting

  • Pedro Mestre
  • Luis Reigoto
  • Luis Coutinho
  • Aldina Correia
  • Joao Matias
  • Carlos Serodio
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 229)


Fingerprinting is a location technique, based on the use of wireless networks, where data stored during the offline phase is compared with data collected by the mobile node during the online phase. When this location technique is used in a real-life scenario there is a high probability that the mobile node used throughout the offline phase is different from the mobile nodes that will be used during the online phase. This means that there might be very significant differences between the Received Signal Strength values acquired by the mobile node being located and the ones previously stored in the Fingerprinting Map. As a consequence, this difference between RSS values might contribute to increase the location estimation error. One possible solution to minimize these differences is to adapt the RSS values, acquired during the online phase, before sending them to the Location Estimation Algorithm. Also the internal parameters of the Location Estimation Algorithms, for example the weights of the Weighted k-Nearest Neighbour, might need to be tuned for every type of terminal. This paper focuses both approaches, using Direct Search optimization methods to adapt the Received Signal Strength and to tune the Location Estimation Algorithm parameters. As a result it was possible to decrease the location estimation error originally obtained without any calibration procedure.


Direct search optimization methods Fingerprinting  IEEE802.11 Indoor location LEA adaptation RSS adaptation 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pedro Mestre
    • 1
  • Luis Reigoto
    • 2
  • Luis Coutinho
    • 2
  • Aldina Correia
    • 3
  • Joao Matias
    • 4
  • Carlos Serodio
    • 1
  1. 1.CITAB-UTADAlgoritmi-UMVila RealPortugal
  2. 2.UTADVila RealPortugal
  3. 3.CM-UTADESTGF-IPPFelgueirasPortugal
  4. 4.CM-UTADVila RealPortugal

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