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The Quality of Moldovan Soils: Issues and Solutions

  • S. Andrieş
  • V. Cerbari
  • V. Filipciuc
Chapter

Abstract

From the economic point of view, soil is Moldova’s most valuable natural resource. Maintaining the productive capacity of the soil over the long term and increasing its fertility to ensure food security should be primary goals of the whole nation. Soil investigations are aimed at solving the problem of maintaining the quality and production capacity of agricultural land in the face of high rates of soil degradation. Annual direct and indirect losses amount to 4.8 billion lei, including 1.85 billion lei from the irreversible loss of 26 million tons of fertile topsoil by erosion from slopes; 878 million lei from the complete destruction of soil cover by landslides, ravines and excavation for social needs; and 2.07 billion lei in lost agricultural production. Irreversible losses as a result of total destruction of soil cover over about 30 years amount to about 36.5 billion lei.

Problems and solutions for the protection, improvement and rational management of agricultural soils are listed in state programs elaborated with support of the Nicolae Dimo Institute.

Keywords

Soil Fertility Perennial Grass Soil Resource Nutrient Balance Land Reform 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Nicolae Dimo Institute of Pedology, Agrochemistry and Soil ProtectionChisinauRepublic of Moldova

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