Sitka Spruce (Picea sitchensis (Bong.) Carr)

  • Steve Lee
  • David Thompson
  • Jon Kehlet Hansen
Part of the Managing Forest Ecosystems book series (MAFE, volume 25)


Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis (Bong.) Carr) is native to the Pacific North West of America and was introduced to Western Europe in the early 19th nineteenth century. It is now an important commercial species along the extreme western seaboard of Europe – namely Ireland and Great Britain – and this is where most progress has been made in the area of selection and breeding. Sitka spruce has been the subject of more limited selection and breeding work in some other European countries where it is of secondary or minor significance – Denmark, France, Germany, and Norway. These programmes have now effectively come to a close due to perceived lack of importance. In Sweden Sitka spruce is being planted at an increasing rate and is seen as a species of great potential in the light of climate change.

This monograph presents details and statistics relating to Sitka spruce breeding across Europe. It summarises the work carried out to date (plus trees, field testing, orchards), the gains achieved, knowledge of genetic relationships between selection traits, and acts as a conduit to further references for the interested reader.


Somatic Embryogenesis Genetic Correlation Wood Density Seed Orchard Rooted Cutting 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Conifer Breeding, Forestry Commission Research AgencyRoslinUK
  2. 2.Tree Improvement SectionCoillte Teoranta-The Irish Forestry BoardCounty WicklowIreland
  3. 3.Danish Centre for Forest Landscape and PlanningUniversity of CopenhagenFrederiksbergDenmark

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