Salmon Aquaculture in Canada and Norway – Appraising Governability

  • Yajie Liu
  • Ratana Chuenpagdee
  • U. Rashid Sumaila
Part of the MARE Publication Series book series (MARE, volume 7)


Salmon aquaculture is one of the world’s fastest growing food producing industries that provides many benefits for producers and society. Its rapid development has raised some concerns related to environmental and economic impacts. Is sustainable development an achievable governance goal for salmon aquaculture? We explore this question by examining key features that may hinder or foster its governability. We base the discussion on a review of the evolution of the industry, current practices and trends, emerging concerns, management challenges, and existing policies and regulations. As a system-to-be-governed, salmon aquaculture is a highly capital-intensive and industrialized commercial activity, with well established technology and markets. The governing system is rather complex, involving multi-layered authorities, international, regional, national, provincial, state and local departments and agencies, and numerous regulations, policies and standards. Environmental issues and concerns related to salmon aquaculture production add to the difficulty in governing this industry to achieve sustainability. All of these have effects on the governability of salmon aquaculture industry, which can be improved through technological improvement, economic-based instruments, and governance solutions.


Salmon aquaculture Evolution Challenges Policies Regulations • Governability Sustainability 



The authors would like to thank the participants of the governance symposium at the annual conference of the American Fishery Society held in August 2008, Ottawa, Canada for their helpful comments. Canada’s Research Network in Aquaculture (AquaNet) and Norwegian Research Council are acknowledged for financial support to the first author. R. Chuenpagdee acknowledges support from the Canada Research Chairs program and Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada. R. Sumaila thanks the Sea Around Us and Global Ocean Economic Projects for the support. Any errors, opinions or conclusions expressed are those of the authors alone and should not reflect the funding agencies.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yajie Liu
    • 1
  • Ratana Chuenpagdee
    • 2
  • U. Rashid Sumaila
    • 3
  1. 1.SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture (Fiskeri og havbruk)TrondheimNorway
  2. 2.Department of GeographyMemorial University of NewfoundlandSt. John’sCanada
  3. 3.Fisheries Economics Research Unit, Fisheries CentreUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada

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