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Tetraspanins pp 203-231 | Cite as

The Role of Tetraspanin Complexes in Egg-Sperm Fusion

  • Virginie Barraud-Lange
  • Claude Boucheix
Chapter
Part of the Proteins and Cell Regulation book series (PROR, volume 9)

Abstract

Cell fusion occurs when cells unit their membranes and share their ­cytoplasm. Cell fusion may occur between genetically identical or different cells. Gamete fusion is a short event of the organism life cycle but it is essential for all organisms that depend on sexual reproduction for the maintenance of the species. The fusion of gametes having inherited one half of the genetic material of their respective parents ensures the diversity of individuals within a population. This diversity is increased by the exchange of genetic material between homologous chromosomes during meiosis. Therefore gamete fusion is a critical biological step in the life cycle that has recently raised more interest due to the possibility of treating patients with a fertility defect by in vitro methods. Molecular mechanisms underlying the fusion process are far from evident since (1) gene-knock out technologies developed to test in vivo the data from in vitro fertilization (IVF) studies failed to confirm the essential role of most of previously candidate molecules and (2) the surface proteins involved are deprived of fusogen properties. Indeed, among the large number of in vivo tested proteins, only CD9 and CD81 tetraspanins on egg and Izumo on sperm have been shown to be essential in mammalian sperm-egg membrane fusion and none of these molecules contain a fusion peptide.

Keywords

Zona Pellucida Acrosome Reaction Perivitelline Space Sperm Surface Acrosomal Membrane 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Inserm U1016ParisFrance
  2. 2.Université Paris Descartes, UFR médecineParisFrance
  3. 3.Laboratoire de Biologie de la ReproductionHôpital Cochin, AP-HPParisFrance
  4. 4.Inserm U1004VillejuifFrance
  5. 5.Université Paris-Sud 11VillejuifFrance

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