From Dry Granular Flows to Submarine Avalanches

  • Mickael Pailha
  • Maxime Nicolas
  • Olivier Pouliquen


Granular materials like sugar or sand can behave macroscopically like a liquid and flow. However, the description of this peculiar fluid still represents a challenge due to the lack of constitutive laws able to describe the rich phenomenology observed. In a first part of the paper, we rapidly review the properties of dry granular flows and we discuss recent advances in our understanding of their rheological behaviour. In a second part we discuss the more complex case of mixture of grains and liquid, and we show how the recent progresses obtained in the dry case allow to better understand immersed granular flows such as those encountered in submarine avalanches.


Granular Material Granular Medium Incline Plane Dilatancy Angle Dilatant Behaviour 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Iverson, R.M.: Review of Geophysics 35, 245–296 (1997)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ancey, C., Coussot, P., Evesque, P.: J. Rheol. 43, 1673–1699 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Morris, J.F., Boulay, F.: J. Rheol. 43, 1213–1237 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Huang, N., Ovarlez, G., Bertrand, F., Rodts, S., Coussot, P., Bonn, D.: Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 028301 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Forterre, Y., Pouliquen, O.: Ann. Rev. Fluid Mech. 40, 1–24 (2008)MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    GDR MiDi: Eur. Phys. J. E 14, 341–365 (2004)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Da Cruz, F., Emam, S., Prochnow, M., Roux, J.N., Chevoir, F.: Phys. Rev. E 72, 021309 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Jop, P., Forterre, Y., Pouliquen, O.: Nature 44, 727–730 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Jackson, R.: Ch. Eng. Sci. 52, 2457–2469 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Cassar, C., Nicolas, M., Pouliquen, O.: Phys. Fluids 17, 103301 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Campbell, C.S.: J. Fluid Mech. 465, 261–291 (2002)MathSciNetzbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Richefeu, V., El Youssoufi, M.S., Radjai, F.: Phys. Rev. E 73, 051304 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Goldhirsch, I.: Ann. Rev. Fluid Mech. 35, 267–293 (2003)MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Forterre, Y.: J. Fluid Mech. 563, 123–132 (2006)zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Lacaze, L., Kerswell, R.: To be published in Phys. Rev. Lett. (2008)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Mueth, D.M., Debregeas, G.F., Karczmar, G.S., Eng, P.J., Nagel, S.R., Jaeger, H.M.: Nature 406, 385–389 (2000)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Pouliquen, O.: Phys. Fluids 11, 542–548 (1999)MathSciNetzbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Daerr, A., Douady, S.: Europhys. Lett. 47, 324–330 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Schofield, A., Wroth, P.: Critical Soil Mechanics. McGraw-Hill (1968)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Roux, S., Radjai, F.: Texture -dependent rigid plastic behavior. In: Herrmann, H.J., et al. (eds.) Physics of Dry Granular Media, pp. 305–311. Kluwer, Dordrecht (1998)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Jain, N., Ottino, J.M., Lueptow, R.M.: J. Fluid Mech. 508, 23–44 (2004)zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Courrech du Pont, S., Gondret, P., Perrin, B., Rabaud, M.: Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 044301 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Doppler, D., Gondret, P., Loiseleux, T., Meyer, S., Rabaud, M.: J. Fluid Mech. 577, 161–181 (2007)zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Ouriemi, M., Aussillous, P., Guazzelli, E.: J. Fluid Mech. (2008) (in press)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Berzi, D., Jenkins, J.T.: J. Fluid Mech. 608, 393–410 (2008)MathSciNetzbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Armanini, A., Capart, H., Fraccarollo, L., Larcher, M.: J. Fluid Mech. 532, 269–319 (2005)zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Iverson, R.M., Reid, M.E., Iverson, N.R., Lahusen, R.G., Logan, M., Mann, J.E., Brien, D.L.: Science 290, 513–516 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Pailha, M., Nicolas, M., Pouliquen, O.: Triggering of submarine granular avalanches. To be published in Phys. Fluids (2008)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Iverson, R.M.: J. Geophys. Res. 110, F02015 (2005)Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Pailha, M., Pouliquen, O.: Two phase flow description of submarine granular avalanches. Submitted to J. Fluid Mech (2008)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© © Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mickael Pailha
    • 1
  • Maxime Nicolas
    • 1
  • Olivier Pouliquen
    • 1
  1. 1.IUSTI, CNRS UMR 6595Aix-Marseille UniversitéMarseilleFrance

Personalised recommendations