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General and Regulatory Proteolysis in Bacillus subtilis

  • Noël Molière
  • Kürşad Turgay
Chapter
Part of the Subcellular Biochemistry book series (SCBI, volume 66)

Abstract

The soil-dwelling bacterium Bacillus subtilis is widely used as a model organism to study the Gram-positive branch of Bacteria. A variety of different developmental pathways, such as endospore formation, genetic competence, motility, swarming and biofilm formation, have been studied in this organism. These processes are intricately connected and regulated by networks containing e.g. alternative sigma factors, two-component systems and other regulators. Importantly, in some of these regulatory networks the activity of important regulatory factors is controlled by proteases. Furthermore, together with chaperones, the same proteases constitute the cellular protein quality control (PQC) network, which plays a crucial role in protein homeostasis and stress tolerance of this organism. In this review, we will present the current knowledge on regulatory and general proteolysis in B. subtilis and discuss its involvement in developmental pathways and cellular stress management.

Keywords

Sigma Factor Heat Shock Response Small Heat Shock Protein Heat Shock Gene Protein Quality Control 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The work in the Laboratory of KT is supported by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft.

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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für MikrobiologieLeibniz Universität HannoverHannoverGermany

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