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Juvenile Justice: Australian Court Responses Situated in the International Context

  • Judy CashmoreEmail author
Chapter
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Part of the Children’s Well-Being: Indicators and Research book series (CHIR, volume 7)

Abstract

This chapter focuses on the key themes in relation to the function of the criminal jurisdiction of Children’s Courts across the various states and territories in meeting the requirements of important international legal instruments and conventions. The generally agreed aims of juvenile justice mechanisms and Children’s Court criminal processes in compliance with the Beijing Rules are to treat children and young people less harshly than adults, taking account of their circumstances and promoting their reintegration into society and their rehabilitation. The history of juvenile justice in Australia and in other Western countries indicates various swings of the pendulum between ‘needs’ and ‘deeds’ and, more recently, some new approaches such as restorative justice and therapeutic or problem-solving courts. The limitations in relation to the participation of children and young people in these processes, and in Children’s Court proceedings, and the need for a good evidence-base and reliable data are outlined.

Keywords

Restorative justice Therapeutic courts Children’s participation Child abuse and neglect ‘Cross-over’ kids 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sydney Law SchoolUniversity of SydneySydneyAustralia

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