A Non-Volatile Buffered Main Memory Using Phase-Change RAM

Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 215)

Abstract

The new trends of memory semi-conductor technology are changing and developing. Phase-Change RAM (PRAM), Ferroelectric RAM (FeRAM), Magnetic RAM (MRAM) and Resistive RAM (RRAM) are going to take center stage of main memory material of new computer systems in next decade. PRAM also has higher dense, it can keep data about four times more than DRAM. But some problems caused when PRAM uses as a main memory directly. So we suggest Pre-load cache and Assistant buffer. It reduces main memory access and overcome low read speed of PRAM consequently. To reduce write operation also, we propose Assistant buffer. Assistant buffer keeps evicted data and impedes write operation, and facilitates more rapid response about required data when cache misses. As a result of our experimentation, overall performance is decrement of main memory accesses approximately 50 %.

Keywords

Phase-change memory Main memory Cache Buffer DRAM Non-volatility Memory capacity Memory access latency 

References

  1. 1.
    Freitas RF, Wilcke WW (2008) Storage class memory: the next storage system technology. IBM J Res Dev 52(4.5):439–447Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Colmenar JM, Risco Martin JL, Lanchares J (2011) An overview of computer architecture and system simulation. SCS M&S Mag 2(02):74–81Google Scholar
  3. 3.
  4. 4.
    Qureshi MK, Srinivassan V, Rivers JA (2009) Scalable high performance main memory system using phase-change memory technology, In: Proceedings of the 36th annual international symposium on computer architectureGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Jung KS, Park JW, Weems CC, Kim SD (2011) A superblock based memory adapter using decoupled dual buffers for hiding the access latency of nonvolatile memory, Proceedings of the world congress on engineering and computer scienceGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Gem5 simulator system. http://www.gem5.org/
  7. 7.
  8. 8.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EngineeringYonsei UniversitySeodaemun-guSouth Korea

Personalised recommendations