Development of a 3D Digital Textbook Using X3D

  • Jeong-Hun Hong
  • Mihye Kim
  • Kwan-Hee Yoo
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 214)


This paper proposes a three dimensional (3D) digital textbook (DT) suitable for future educational purposes, using the extensible 3D (X3D) standard. The new DT is intended to enhance overall learning effectiveness by facilitating student motivation and engagement with more visually sophisticated 3D learning resources. It is also intended to overcome the limitations of 2D DTs regarding multimedia features by taking full advantage of 3D graphics. As a prototype, a 3D DT was developed for the subject of general computing used in high schools in South Korea. A user satisfaction survey was conducted after one semester and the responses were generally positive, especially in regard to the 3D learning resources.


Digital textbook 3D-based digital textbook X3D 



This research was financially supported by the Ministry of Education, Science Technology (MEST) and National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) through the Human Resource Training Project for Regional Innovation, and by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MEST) (No. 2012-0000479).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Information Industrial Engineering and Department of Computer EducationChungbuk National UniversityCheongjuSouth Korea
  2. 2.Department of Computer Science EducationCatholic University of DaeguDaeguSouth Korea

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