Addressing Water Governance Challenges in the Anthropocene

Chapter
Part of the Advances in Global Change Research book series (AGLO, volume 54)

Abstract

Water governance, negotiation between actors and institutions for the effective implementation of acceptable water allocation and regulation, faces a plethora of challenges over the coming decades. The challenges arising from population growth, development, climate variability as well as climate change impacts. Concurrently, a crisis of governance has been recognised as one of the major issues facing global water resources over the past decades. The duality of essential role water governance plays in responding to these challenges and the recognised limitations and failures of governance regimes to adequately manage legacy issues predicates the value of closer investigation of both water governance challenges and solutions in the context of climate change and uncertainty. This chapter provides an introduction to the developments in both the challenges to and solutions from water governance over the past few decades.

Keywords

Water governance challenges Climate change uncertainty Hydro-climatic pressures Water governance solutions Adaptive and integrative water management 

References

  1. Adger WN, Arnell NW, Tompkins E (2005) Successful adaptation to climate change across scales. Glob Environ Chang 15(2):77–86CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Adger WN, Agrawala S, Mirza MMQ, Conde C, O’Brien K, Pulhin J, Pulwarty R, Smit B, Takahashi K (2007) Assessment of adaptation practices, options, constraints and capacity. In: Parry ML, Canziani OF, Palutikof JP, van der Linden PJ, Hanson CE (eds) Climate change 2007: impacts, adaptation and vulnerability. Contribution of working group II to the fourth assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  3. Bauer CJ (1997) Bringing global markets down to earth: the political economy of water rights in Chile, 1976–95. World Dev 25(5):639–656CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bauer CJ (1998) Slippery property rights: multiple water uses and the neoliberal model in Chile, 1981–1995. Nat Resour J 38(1):109–155Google Scholar
  5. Bauer C (2004) Siren Song: Chilean water law as a model for international reform. Resources for the Future, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  6. Biggs D, Biggs R, Vasilis D, Sholes RJ, Schoon M (2011) Are we entering an era of concatenated global crises? Ecol Soc 16(2):27. [online] URL: http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol16/iss22/art27/ Google Scholar
  7. Carter TR, Jones RN, Lu X, Bhadwal S, Conde C, Mearns LO, O’Neill BC, Rounsevell MDA, Zurek MB (2007) New assessment methods and the characterisation of future conditions. In: Parry ML, Canziani OF, Palutikof JP, van der Linden PJ, Hanson CE (eds) Climate change 2007: impacts, adaptation and vulnerability. Contribution of working group II to the fourth assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  8. Christensen JH, Hewitson B, Busuioc A, Chen A, Gao X, Held I, Jones R, Kolli RK, Kwon RT, Laprise R, Magaña V, Mearns CG, Menendez CG, Raisanen J, Rinde A, Sarr A, Whetton P (2007) Regional climate projections. In: Climate change 2007: the physical science basis. Contribution of working group I to the fourth assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  9. Cook J, Hill M, Freeman S, Levine E (2011) Shifting course: climate adaptation for water management institutions. WWF US, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  10. Crutzen PJ (2002) Geology of mankind. Nature 415:23CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Darwin C (1859) On the origin of species, London: John MurrayGoogle Scholar
  12. DGA (2010) MOP declara zona de escasez hídrica en regiones de Coquimbo y ValparaisoGoogle Scholar
  13. Dovers SR, Hezri AA (2010) Institutions and policy processes: the means to the ends of adaptation. Wiley Interdiscip Rev Clim Change 1(2):212–231Google Scholar
  14. Engle NL (2010) Adaptation to extreme droughts in Arizona, Georgia, and South Carolina: evaluating adaptive capacity and innovative planning and management approaches for states and their community water systems. University of Michigan, Ann ArborGoogle Scholar
  15. Engle NL (2011) Adaptive capacity and its assessment. Glob Environ Chang 21(2):647–656. doi: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2011.01.019 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Engle NL, Johns OR, Lemos MC, Nelson DR (2011) Integrated and adaptive management of water resources: tensions, legacies, and the next best thing. Ecol Soc 16(1):19. [online] URL: http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol16/iss11/art19/ Google Scholar
  17. Folke C, Hahn T, Olsson P, Norberg J (2005) Adaptive governance of social-ecological systems. Ann Rev Environ Resour 30(1):441–473. doi: 10.1146/annurev.energy.30.050504.144511 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Gleick PH (2009) Launch of the world’s water 2008–2009: the biennial report on freshwater resources. Paper presented at the Woodrow Wilson International Centre for Scholars, Washington, DC, 2 Apr 2009Google Scholar
  19. Häberli W, Beniston M (1998) Climate change and its impacts on glaciers and permafrost in the Alps. Ambio 27(4):258–265Google Scholar
  20. Hardin G (1968) The tragedy of the commons. Science 162:1243–1248CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Herrfahrdt-Pähle E (2010) The transformation towards adaptive water governance regimes in the context of climate change. Universität Osnabrück, OsnabrückGoogle Scholar
  22. Hill M, Wallner A, Furtado J (2010) Reducing vulnerability to climate change in the Swiss Alps: a study of adaptive planning. J Clim Policy 10(1):70–86CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Huntjens P, Pahl-Wostl C, Grin J (2010) Climate change adaptation in European river basins. Reg Environ Change 10:263–284CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Huntjens P, Pahl-Wostl C, Rihoux B, Schlüter M, Flachner Z, Neto S, Koskova R, Dickens C, Nabide Kiti I (2011) Adaptive water management and policy learning in a changing climate: a formal comparative analysis of eight water management regimes in Europe, Africa and Asia. Environ Policy Gov 21:145–163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Hurlbert M (2009) The adaptation of water law to climate change. Int J Clim Change Strat Manage 1(3):230–240CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. IISD (2006) Designing policies in a world of uncertainty, change and Surprise: adaptive policy-making for agriculture and water resources in the face of climate change. International Development Research Centre & The Energy and Resources Institute, Winnipeg/Manitoba/New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  27. IPCC (2007) Climate change 2007: synthesis report. Contribution of working groups I, II and III to the fourth assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  28. Johnson BJ (1999) The role of adaptive management as an operational approach for resource management agencies. Conserv Ecol 3(2):8. [online] URL: http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol3/iss2/art8 Google Scholar
  29. Kallis G, Videira N, Antunes P, Pereira G, Spash CL, Coccossis H, Quintana SC, del Moral L, Hatzilacou D, Lobo G, Mexa A, Paneque P, Mateos BP, Santos R (2006) Participatory methods for water resources planning. Environ Plann C Govern Policy 24(2):215–234CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Kane SM, Yohe GW (2000) Societal adaptation to climate variability and change: an introduction. Clim Chang 45(1):1–4CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Kiang JE, Olsen JR, Waskom RM (2011) Featured collection on “Nonstationarity, Hydrologic Frequency Analysis, and Water Management”. J Am Water Resour Assoc 47(3):433–570. doi: 10.1111/j.1752-1688.2011.00551.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Lentini E (2011) Servicios de agua potable y saneamiento: lecciones de experiencias relevantes. United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Carribean, Santiago de Chile.Google Scholar
  33. Lettenmaier D, Major D, Poff L, Running S (2008) Water resources. In: The effects of climate change on agriculture, land resources, water resources, and biodiversity in the United States. A report by the U.S. Climate Change science program and the subcommittee on Global Change Research. Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  34. Matthews J, Le Quesne T (2009) Adapting water management: a primer on coping with climate change. WWF-UK, GodalmingGoogle Scholar
  35. Matthews JH, Wickel BAJ, Freeman S (2011) Converging currents in climate-relevant conservation: water, infrastructure, and institutions. PLoS Biol 9(9):e1001159. doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1001159 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Milly PCD, Betancourt J, Falkenmark M, Hirsch RM, Kundzewicz ZW, Lettenmaier DP, Stouffer RJ (2008) Stationarity is dead: whither water management? Science 319(5863):573–574. doi: 10.1126/science.1151915 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. OcCC (2008) Das Klima ändert – was nun? Der neue UN-Klimabericht (IPCC 2007) und die wichtigsten Ergebnisse aus Sicht der Schweiz. Organe consultatif sur les changements climatiques, BernGoogle Scholar
  38. Olsson P, Folke C, Berkes F, Hahn T (2004) Social-ecological transformation for ecosystem management: the development of adaptive co-management of a wetland landscape in southern Sweden. Ecol Soc 9(4):2. doi: Artn 2. [online] URL: http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol9/iss4/art2/ Google Scholar
  39. Ostrom E, Burger J, Field CB, Norgaard RB, Policansky D (1999) Revisiting the commons: local lessons, global challenges. Science 284(9 April):278–282CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Pahl-Wostl C (2007) Transitions towards adaptive management of water facing climate and global change. Water Resour Manage 21(1):49–62. doi: 10.1007/s11269-006-9040-4 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Pahl-Wostl C, Sendzimir J (2005) The relationship between IWRM and adaptive water management. NeWater working paper 3Google Scholar
  42. Pahl-Wostl C, Kabat P, Möltgen J (eds) (2007) Adaptive and integrated water management: coping with complexity and uncertainty. Springer, Berlin/New YorkGoogle Scholar
  43. Parry ML, Canziani OF, Palutikof JP (2007) Technical summary. Climate change 2007: impacts, adaptation and vulnerability. contribution of working group II to the fourth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. In: Parry ML, Canziani OF, Palutikof JP, van der Linden PJ, Hanson CE (eds) Fourth assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 23–78Google Scholar
  44. Patagonia (2011) Patagonia Chilena: Sin Represas: El Problema – Monopolio y Concentración. http://www.patagoniasinrepresas.cl/final/contenido.php?seccion=problema. Accessed 15 Sept 2011
  45. Pellicciotti F, Burlando P, Van Vliet K (2007) Recent trends in precipitation and streamflow in the Aconcagua River basin, central Chile Glacier Mass Balance Changes and Meltwater Discharge. Selected papers from sessions at the IAHS Assembly in Foz do Iguaçu, Brazil, 2005, IAHS Publication 318Google Scholar
  46. Rieu-Clarke A, Allan A, Magsig BO (2008) Assessing governance in the context of IWRM. Striver policy brief: strategy and methodology for improved IWRM – an integrated interdisciplinary assessment in four twinning river basins issue no. PB6.2. Available online: http://www.dundee.ac.uk/water/projects/striver/
  47. Rockström J, Steffen W, Noone K, Persson A, Chapin FS, Lambin EF, Lenton TM, Scheffer M, Folke C, Schellnhuber HJ, Nykvist B, de Wit CA, Hughes T, van der Leeuw S, Rodhe H, Sorlin S, Snyder PK, Costanza R, Svedin U, Falkenmark M, Karlberg L, Corell RW, Fabry VJ, Hansen J, Walker B, Liverman D, Richardson K, Crutzen P, Foley JA (2009) A safe operating space for humanity. Nature 461 (7263): 472–475. doi: 10.1038/461472aGoogle Scholar
  48. Rogers P, Hall AW (2003) Effective water governance. GWP TAC background papers no. 7. Global Water Partnership Technical Committee, http://www.gwpforum.org/servlet/PSP?iNodeID=215&itemId=197
  49. Smit B, Wandel J (2006) Adaptation, adaptive capacity and vulnerability. Glob Environ Chang 16(3):282–292CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Solanes M, Gonzalez-Villareal F (1999) The Dublin principles for water as reflected in a comparitive assessment of institutional and legal arrangement for integrated water resources management. Global Water Partnership: Technical Advisory Committee (TAC), Available online at: http://info.worldbank.org/etools/docs/library/80638/IWRM4%5FTEC03%2DDublinPrinciples%2DSolanes%26Gonzales.pdf. Accessed 12 Sept 2008
  51. Solomon S, Qin D, Manning M, Chen Z, Marquis M, Averyt KB, Tignor M, Miller HL (2007) Summary for policymakers. In: Climate change 2007: the physical science basis. Contribution of working group I to the fourth assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge/New YorkGoogle Scholar
  52. Souvignet M, Gaese H, Ribbe L, Kretschmer N, Oyarzún R (2008) Climate change impacts on water availability in the Arid Elqui Valley, North Central Chile: a preliminary assessment. Paper presented at the IWRA World Water Congress, Montpellier, FranceGoogle Scholar
  53. Tompkins EL, Adger WN (2004) Does adaptive management of natural resources enhance resilience to climate change? Ecol Soc 9(2):10. doi: Artn 10. [online] URL: http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol19/iss12/art10 Google Scholar
  54. UNDP (1997) Governance for sustainable human development. United Nations Development Programme. http://mirror.undp.org/magnet/policy/
  55. UNECE (2009) Guidance on water and adaptation to climate change. United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  56. UNESCO (2006) Water: a shared responsibility – The United Nations World Water Development report 2. UNESCO, ParisGoogle Scholar
  57. Vergara-Blanco A (2004) Discrecionalidad administrativa y nuevas limitaciones a los derechos de agua, vol 276. Centro de Estudios Publicos, SantiagoGoogle Scholar
  58. Viviroli D, Archer DR, Buytaert W, Fowler HJ, Greenwood GB, Hamlet AF, Huang Y, Koboltschnig G, Litaor MI, Lopez-Moreno JI, Lorentz S, Schadler B, Schreier H, Schwaiger K, Vuille M, Woods R (2011) Climate change and mountain water resources: overview and recommendations for research, management and policy. Hydrol Earth Syst Sci 15(2):471–504. doi: 10.5194/hess-15-471-2011 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. WEF (2009) The politics of water. Paper presented at the World Economic Forum annual meeting: shaping the post-crisis World Davos, Switzerland 28 Jan–1 Feb 2009Google Scholar
  60. Yohe G, Tol RSJ (2002) Indicators for social and economic coping capacity – moving toward a working definition of adaptive capacity. Glob Environ Chang 12(1):25–40CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Group on Climate Change and Climate Impacts Institute for Environmental SciencesUniversity of GenevaCarougeSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations