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Biogeographically interesting planktonic Nostocales (Cyanobacteria) in the Czech Republic and their polyphasic evaluation resulting in taxonomic revisions of Anabaena bergii Ostenfeld 1908 (Chrysosporum gen. nov.) and A. tenericaulis Nygaard 1949 (Dolichospermum tenericaule comb. nova)

  • Eliška Zapomělová
  • Olga Skácelová
  • Petr Pumann
  • Radovan Kopp
  • Emil Janeček
PHYTOPLANKTON
Part of the Developments in Hydrobiology book series (DIHY, volume 221)

Abstract

Questions of biogeography of freshwater cyanobacteria and their ability to colonize new areas have been recently discussed in connection with increasing occurrence of some formerly rare morphospecies in temperate zones. Nevertheless, the general knowledge about the distribution of cyanobacterial species is still fragmentary, and any new findings on cyanobacterial biogeography and spread are valuable. In this study, we provide updated information on the occurrence of Anabaena bergii, Raphidiopsis mediterranea, and Sphaerospermopsis aphanizomenoides in the Czech Republic. In addition, more nostocacean morphospecies are newly reported from the Czech Republic (A. fusca, A. tenericaulis, Dolichospermum curvum, D. mucosum, and S. reniformis). All of these morphospecies were characterized from a morphological point of view, and their phylogenetic affiliations were assessed on the basis of their 16S rRNA gene sequences. Based on these results, Anabaena bergii was reclassified into Chrysosporum gen. nov., and D. tenericaule comb. nova was established.

Keywords

Anabaena Dolichospermum Sphaerospermopsis Taxonomy Identification Morphological variability 16S rRNA gene Biogeography Alien species 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eliška Zapomělová
    • 1
  • Olga Skácelová
    • 2
  • Petr Pumann
    • 3
  • Radovan Kopp
    • 4
  • Emil Janeček
    • 5
  1. 1.Biology Centre of AS CRInstitute of HydrobiologyČeské BudějoviceCzech Republic
  2. 2.Faculty of ScienceUniversity of South BohemiaČeské BudějoviceCzech Republic
  3. 3.National Institute of Public HealthPraha 10Czech Republic
  4. 4.Department of Fishery and HydrobiologyMendel University in BrnoBrnoCzech Republic
  5. 5.Povodí Ohře s. p.TepliceCzech Republic

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