Past and Current Climate Changes in the Mediterranean Region

Part of the Advances in Global Change Research book series (AGLO, volume 50)


Mediterranean climate change during the last 60 years is based on homogenized daily temperature and quality controlled precipitation observational data and gridded products. The estimated changes indicate statistically significant Mediterranean summer temperature increase and a reduction in winter precipitation in specific areas. Reconstructions of Mediterranean sea level suggest a rise of some 150 mm since the beginning of the nineteenth century. A 20 years long reanalysis (1985–2007) was produced, showing long term temperature variability and a positive salinity trend in the ocean layers from the surface to 1,500 m depth. A prominent increase in summer temperature extremes is found in the whole Mediterranean region, while warm bias in the mid twentieth century station data is removed by homogenization. No basin-wide trends in precipitation and droughts are found for the second half of the twentieth century, while trends in extreme winds are largely negative, as are those of the related cyclones and cut-off-lows. The role of large scale pressure patterns like the NAO for variabilities and trends is discussed for the different parameters considered.


Station time series Meteorological Extremes Weather patterns Water mass characteristics Sea level 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für MeteorologieFreie Universität (FU) BerlinBerlinGermany
  2. 2.Department of Geography, Climatology, Climate Dynamics and Climate ChangeJustus-Liebig University of GiessenGiessenGermany
  3. 3.Institute of Geography, Climatology and Meteorology and Oeschger Centre for Climate Change ResearchUniversity of BernBernSwitzerland
  4. 4.Centro Euro-Mediterraneo per i Cambiamenti ClimaticiBolognaItaly
  5. 5.Universidad Complutense de Madrid/ IGEO (UCM-CISC)MadridSpain
  6. 6.Department of Material ScienceUniversity of SalentoLecceItaly
  7. 7.Centro Euro Mediterraneo sui Cambiamenti Climatici CMCCBolognaItaly
  8. 8.Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, INGVBolognaItaly
  9. 9.Institute of BiometeorologyNational Research Council, (CNR–IBIMET)RomeItaly
  10. 10.Climatic Research Unit, School of Environmental SciencesUniversity of East Anglia UEANorwichUK
  11. 11.Centre for Climate Change, Geography DepartmentUniversity Rovira i Virgili (URV)TortosaSpain
  12. 12.EPhysLabUniversity of VigoOurenseSpain
  13. 13.IUGG Secretariat, GFZ-PotsdamPotsdamGermany
  14. 14.School of Geography, Earth and Environmental SciencesUniversity of BirminghamEdgbaston, BirminghamUK
  15. 15.Ecología y Recursos Marinos, Mediterranean Institute for Advanced Studies, IMEDEA (CSIC-UIB)MallorcaSpain
  16. 16.Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development (ENEA)RomeItaly
  17. 17.Earth System Science Interdisciplinary CenterUniversity of MarylandCollege ParkUSA
  18. 18.James Rennell Division for Ocean CirculationNational Oceanography Centre, Southampton Empress DockSouthamptonUK
  19. 19.University of LisbonLisbonPortugal
  20. 20.Instituto Dom LuizUniversity of LisbonLisbonPortugal
  21. 21.National Oceanography CentreSouthamptonUK

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