• G. Thomas Farmer
  • John Cook


Global warming involves a temperature change on planet Earth. The temperature is climbing gradually so that the average person does not feel it. However, there are indirect lines of evidence that the average person can see and feel. Increasing unusual weather patterns reported by the news media nearly every day indicate climate change. More floods in parts of the world and more intense droughts in others indicate climate change. Fires raging in some areas and unusual snowfalls in others indicate climate change. A season of intense tornados and more intense hurricanes indicates more energy in the atmosphere and that is climate change. As the Earth’s global temperature increases, rates of evaporation also increase placing more water in the atmosphere. More evaporation dries out the land, soils, forests and takes more water from the ocean. All are signs of a changing climate. A warming Earth is climate change and it is affecting everyday life throughout the globe. Thus ‘global warming’ is used to refer to Earth’s gradually increasing temperature.


Global Warming Last Glacial Maximum Climate Scientist International Energy Agency American Petroleum Institute 
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Additional Readings

  1. Ammann, C., et al. (2007). Solar influence on climate during the past millennium: Results from transient simulations with the NCAR Climate Simulation Model. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 104(10), 3713–3718. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0605064103. Bibcode 2007PNAS..104.3713A. PMC 1810336. PMID 17360418.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Henig, J. (2009, December 11). FactCheck: Climategate doesn’t refute global warming. Newsweek.Google Scholar
  3. Jonsson, P. (2010, July 7). Climate scientists exonerated in ‘climategate’ but public trust damaged. Christian Science Monitor, 2.Google Scholar
  4. Mann, M. E., Bradley, R. S., & Hughes, M. K. (1998). Global-scale temperature patterns and climate forcing over the past six centuries (PDF). Nature, 392(6678), 779–787. doi: 10.1038/33859. Bibcode 1998Natur.392..779M.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Mann, M. E., Bradley, R. S., & Hughes, M. K. (1999). Northern hemisphere temperatures during the past millennium: Inferences, uncertainties, and limitations  (PDF). Geophysical Research Letters, 26(6), 759–762. doi: 10.1029/1999GL900070. Bibcode 1999 GeoRL..26..759M.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Mooney, C., & Kirshenbaum, S. (2010). Unscientific America: How scientific illiteracy threatens our future. New York: Basic Books. ISBN 046501917X.Google Scholar
  7. Royal Society. (2005). Joint science academies’ statement: Global response to climate change. Renewable Resources Journal, 23(3), 19–20.Google Scholar
  8. Ruddiman, W. F. (2005). Plows, plagues, and petroleum: How humans took control of climate. Princeton: Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-12164-8.Google Scholar
  9. Tollefson, J. (2010, March). Attack sparks memories of McCarthy witch-hunt. Nature News (Nature Publishing Group), 464(149), 149. doi: 10.1038/464149a.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Thomas Farmer
    • 1
  • John Cook
    • 2
  1. 1.Farmer EnterprisesLas CrucesUSA
  2. 2.School of PsychologyThe University of QueenslandSt LuciaAustralia

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