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Marine Elastin

  • Hermann Ehrlich
Chapter
Part of the Biologically-Inspired Systems book series (BISY, volume 4)

Abstract

Elastic function for a lifetime in animals, including marine vertebrates is determined by the structural protein elastin. Extracellular matrix is the space where a monomer, tropoelastin, is rapidly transformed into its final polymeric form. Desmosine and isodesmosine serve as crosslinking molecules, binding the polymeric chains of amino acids into the 3D network of elastin. Elastin is located within such tissues and organs as skin, arteria, heart, notochord and swimbladder in marine fish. Interestingly, the lamprey possesses only elastin-like fibrillar proteins. The whale heart and aorta are the largest elastin-containing structures known in Nature.

Keywords

Aortic Arch Lower Critical Solution Temperature Harbour Seal Weddell Seal Ventral Aorta 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hermann Ehrlich
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Experimental PhysicsTU Bergakademie FreibergFreibergGermany

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