Connecting Environmental Justice, Sustainability, and Vulnerability
Justice is a core yet often ignored principle of sustainability. However, sustainability for some at the expense of others undermines the principles and practice of sustainability as a force for positive change. In this chapter, we argue that sustainability research and practice can benefit from a closer reading of environmental justice scholarship. At the same time, environmental justice can draw on sustainability principles of systems thinking, anticipatory action, and environmental stewardship to strengthen its methods and approaches while broadening its constituency. Vulnerability science can bridge environmental justice and sustainability and can also benefit from the convergence of ideas, principles, and practices of these fields.
KeywordsSystems thinking Anticipatory action Environmental stewardship Procedural justice Distributive justice
- Bolin, B. (2006). Race, class, ethnicity, and disaster vulnerability. In H. Rodriguez, E. Quarantelli, & R. Dynes (Eds.), Handbook of disaster research (pp. 113–129). New York: Springer.Google Scholar
- City of New York. (2011). PlaNYC: A greener, greater New York. http://nytelecom.vo.llnwd.net/o15/agencies/planyc2030/pdf/planyc_2011_planyc_full_report.pdf. Accessed 26 Apr 2012.
- Cumming, A., Twardus, D., & Nowak, D. (2008). Urban forest health monitoring: Large-scale assessments in the United States. Arboriculture & Urban Forestry, 34(6), 341–346.Google Scholar
- Elliot, R. (1997). Faking nature: The ethics of environmental restoration. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act. (1986). United States Code Title 42, Chapter 116. Online: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/42/chapter-116
- Harvey, D. (1996). Justice, nature and the geography of difference. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell.Google Scholar
- Okereke, C. (2008). Global justice and neoliberal environmental governance: Ethics, sustainable development and international co-operation. Abingdon: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Pellow, D. (2007). Resisting global toxics: Transnational movements for environmental justice. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.Google Scholar
- Rolston III, H. (2003). Value in nature and the nature of value. In A. Light & H. Rolston III (Eds.), Environmental ethics: An anthology (pp. 143–153). Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
- Rosan, C. D. (2011). Can PlaNYC make New York City ‘greener and greater’ for everyone?: Sustainability planning and the promise of environmental justice. Local Environment. doi: 10.1080/13549839.2011.627322.
- Schlosberg, D. (2007). Defining environmental justice: Theories, movements, and nature. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Seto, K. C., Reenberg, A., Boone, C. G., Fragkias, M., Hasse, D., Langake, T., Marcotullio, P., Munroe, D. K., Branislav, O., & Simon, D. (2012). Urban land teleconnections and sustainability. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1117622109.
- Smith, T., Sonnenfeld, D. A., & Pellow, D. N. (2006). Challenging the chip: Labor rights and environmental justice in the global electronics industry. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.Google Scholar
- Turner, B. L., Kasperson, R. E., Matson, P. A., McCarthy, J. J., Corell, R. W., Christensen, L., Eckley, N., et al. (2003). A framework for vulnerability analysis in sustainability science. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 100(14), 8074–8079.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Walker, B., Holling, C. S., Carpenter, S. R., & Kinzig, A. (2004). Resilience, adaptability and transformability in social–ecological systems. Ecology and Society, 9(2), 5.Google Scholar
- Young, I. M. (1990). Justice and the politics of difference. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar