Advertisement

Natural Law and the Phenomenological Given

  • Marta AlbertEmail author
Chapter
  • 1k Downloads
Part of the Ius Gentium: Comparative Perspectives on Law and Justice book series (IUSGENT, volume 22)

Abstract

It is the aim of this essay to re-think the relationship between the phenomenological approach to philosophy of law and the natural law tradition. The hypothesis adopted as a starting point is that phenomenological legal philosophy is, at least, a non-positivistic philosophy of law, as far as it represents a metaempirical theory of law, and also involves an ethical objectivism incompatible with legal positivism.

The research is focused on Adolf Reinach’s theory of legal objects. The exposition highlights the social character of the acts in which legal objects come into being. It is centered on promising, as an archetype of social a priori acts.

The contribution of Reinach’s a priori science of law to natural law tradition can be summed up in three points: first, the gap between is and ought can be solved by the recovery of the idea of an ontological necessity; second, a “reine Rechtslehre” (a “pure theory of law”, in Kelsen’s words) can be founded on a iusnaturalistic basis and understood as a rigorous science (synthetic and a priori); finally, a philosophy of illocutionary acts according to the idea of an ontological necessity can be found in Reinach’s thought.

Keywords

Human Nature Legal Regime Phenomenological Research Legal Philosophy Legal Positivism 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Burkhardt, A. 1986. Il filosofo del diritto Adolf Reinach, lo sconosciuto fondatore della teoria degli atti linguistici. Teoria VI: 45–61.Google Scholar
  2. Conrad-Martius, H. 1983. Einleitung to Reinach’s Gesammelte Schriften. Trans. John Crosby in Aletheia, 3, xxiii. (Halle: Niemeyer, 1921)Google Scholar
  3. Crespo, M. 2011. Estudio preliminar. In Los fundamentos apriori del Derecho Civil, ed. A. Reinach. Granada: Comares.Google Scholar
  4. Crosby, J.F. 1983. The discovery of social acts. Aletheia, 3.Google Scholar
  5. Crowe, J. 2009. Existentialism and Natural Law. Legal studies research paper series. The University of Queensland, TC Beirne School of Law, nº 09–11.Google Scholar
  6. Dubois, J. 2002. Adolf Reinach: Metaethics and the philosophy of law. In Phenomenological approaches to moral philosophy, ed. J.J. Drummond and L. Embree. Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
  7. Frings, M. 1997. The mind of Max Scheler. Milwaukee: Marquette University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Husserl, E. 1983. Reinach as a Philosophical Personality. Edmund Husserl Obituary notice, Kant-Studien 13 (1919): 147–49 (Quoted in English translation by J Crosby, Aletheia, 3, xiii).Google Scholar
  9. Ollero, A. 2007. El derecho en teoría. Perplejidades jurídicas para crédulos. Madrid: Aranzadi.Google Scholar
  10. Pérez Luño, A.E. 1997. Teoría del Derecho. Una concepción de la experiencia jurídica. Madrid: Tecnos.Google Scholar
  11. Recasens Siches, L. 1929. Direcciones contemporáneas del pensamiento jurídico. Barcelona: Labor.Google Scholar
  12. Reinach, A. 1913. Was ist Phänomenologie?. In Sämtliche Werke, ed. A. Reinach, Band. I, 531–550. München: Philosophia Resources Library, Philosophia Verlag, Quoted in English translation, by D. Willard, Concerning phenomenology, http://www.dwillard.org/articles/printable.asp?artid=21,1.
  13. Reinach, A. 1983. Die apriorischen Grundlagen des bürgerliches Rechtes. Quoted in English translation. The apriori foundations of civil law, by J Crosby, Aletheia, 3.Google Scholar
  14. Scheler, M. 1973. Non formal ethics and material ethic of values. Trans. Manfred S. Frings. Chicago: Northwestern University Press.Google Scholar
  15. Scheler, M. 1976. Zusätze aus den nachgelassen Manuskripten.- Zu «Idealismus-Realismus».- Aus Teil IV.- «Lehre von Wesen und Wesenerkenntnis. Folgerungen für die phänomenologische Reducktion un die Ideenlehre», Gesammelte Werke. Google Scholar
  16. Scheler, M. 1979. «Entwurf und “Ideae ante res”», “Manuskripte zur Metaphysik der Erkenntnis”, Gesammelte Werke, Francke-Verlag, Bern/Bouvier-Verlag, München (since 1986, Bonn). Ed., María Scheler (1971–1986), Manfred Frings (1986–1997).Google Scholar
  17. Scheler, M. 2000. Probleme der Religion, Gessammelte Werke, Bd., V.Google Scholar
  18. Schuhmann, K. 1987. Adolf Reinach Vortrag über die Grundbegriffe der Ethik. In Speech act and Sachverhalt, ed. K. Mulligan. Dordrecht: Martinus Nijohff.Google Scholar
  19. Searle, J. 1969. Speech acts: An essay in the philosophy of language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  20. Seifert, J. 1983. Is reinach’s apriorische rechtslehre more important for positive law than reinach himself thinks? Aletheia, 3: 197–230.Google Scholar
  21. Seifert, J. 1987. Back to things in themselves. A phenomenological foundation for classical realism. London: Routledge and Keagan Paul.Google Scholar
  22. Smith, B., and J. Searle. 2003. The construction of social reality: An exchange. American Journal of Economics and Sociology 62: 2.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Vacek, E. 1979. Max Scheler’s anthropology. Philosophy Today, Fall, 1979.Google Scholar
  24. Welzel, H. 1962. Más allá del derecho natural y del positivismo jurídico. Trans. by Ernesto Garzón Valdés. Córdoba: Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Argentina.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht. 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Filosofía del DerechoUniversidad Rey Juan CarlosMadridSpain

Personalised recommendations