Advertisement

Elettaria cardamomum

  • T. K. Lim
Chapter

Scientific Name

Elettaria cardamomum (L.) Maton.

Synonyms

Alpinia cardamomum (L.) Roxb., Amomum cardamomum L., Amomum ensal Raeusch., Amomum racemosum Lam. nom superfl., Amomum repens Sonn. nom. superfl., Amomum uncinatum Stokes, Cardamomum elletari Garsault, Cardamomum malabaricum Pritz., Cardamomum minus (Gaertn.) Kuntze nom. illeg., Cardamomum officinale Salisb., Cardamomum verum Oken nom. superfl., Elettaria cardamomum White & Maton, Elettaria cardamomum var. minuscula Burkill, Amomum repens Sonner nom superfl., Elettaria cardamomum var. minor Watt nom. inval., Elettaria repens (Sonn.) Baillon, Elettaria repens Baill. nom. superfl., Matonia cardamomum (L.) Stephenson & J.M. Churchill, Zingiber minus Gaertn.

Family

Zingiberaceae

Common/English Names

Cardamon, Cluster Cardamom, Lesser Cardamom, Malabar Cardamom, Round Cardamom, Siam Cardamom, Ceylon Cardamom, Cardamon Seeds

Vernacular Names

  • Arabic: Hhabb El Hâl, Habbu Al Hal, Hhamâmâ, Hhabbahân, Habbu Al Han, Hel Bava, Qâqullah...

Keywords

Perillyl Alcohol Geranyl Acetate Linalyl Acetate Eugenyl Acetate Terpinyl Acetate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Selected References

  1. Abbasipour H, Mahmoud M, Rastegar F, Hosseinpour MH (2011) Fumigant toxicity and oviposition deterrency of the essential oil from cardamom, Elettaria cardamomum, against three stored–product insects. J Insect Sci 11(165):1–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Al-Zuhair H, El-Sayeh B, Ameen HA, Al-Shoora H (1996) Pharmacological studies of cardamom oil in animals. Pharmacol Res 34(1–2):79–82PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Aneja KR, Joshi R (2009) Antimicrobial activity of Amomum subulatum and Elettaria cardamomum against dental caries causing microorganisms. Ethnobot Leafl 13:840–849Google Scholar
  4. Bhattacharjee S, Rana T, Sengupta A (2007) Inhibition of lipid peroxidation and enhancement of GST activity by cardamom and cinnamon during chemically induced colon carcinogenesis in Swiss albino mice. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 8(4):578–582PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Chempakam B, Sindhu S (2008) Small cardamom. In: Parthasarthy VA, Chempakam B, Zachariah TJ (eds) Chemistry of spices. CAB International, Wallingford/Cambridge, pp 41–58CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dassanayake MD (ed) (1983) A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon, vol IV., pp 529–530Google Scholar
  7. Duke JA, Bogenschuts-Godwin MJ, duCellier J, Duke P-AK (2002) CRC handbook of medicinal herbs, vol 2. CRC Press, Boca Raton, 896 ppCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Gilani AH, Jabeen Q, Khan A-U, Shah AJ (2008) Gut modulatory, blood pressure lowering, diuretic and sedative activities of cardamom. J Ethnopharmacol 115(3):463–472PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Gopalakrishnan M, Narayanan CS, Grenz M (1990) Non-saponifiable lipid constituents of cardamom. J Agric Food Chem 38(12):2133–2136CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Govaert R, Newman M, Lock JM (2010). World checklist of Zingiberaceae. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet. http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/. Retrieved 18 Nov 2010
  11. Govindarajan VS, Narasimhan S, Raghuveer KG, Lewis YS, Stahl WH (1982) Cardamom – production, technology, chemistry and quality. CRC Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 16(3):229–326CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Grieve M (1971) A modern herbal, 2 vols. Penguin/Dover publications, Harmondsworth/New York, 919 ppGoogle Scholar
  13. Huang YB, Fang JY, Hung CH, Wu PC, Tsai YH (1999) Cyclic monoterpene extract from cardamom oil as a skin permeation enhancer for indomethacin: in vitro and in vivo studies. Biol Pharm Bull 22(6):642–646PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Jamal AF, Siddiqui A, Aslam M, Javed K, Jafri MA (2005) Antiulcerogenic activity of Elettaria cardamomum Maton and Amomum subulatum Roxb. seeds. Indian J Trade Knowl 4(3):298–302Google Scholar
  15. Jamal A, Javed K, Aslam M, Jafri MA (2006) Gastroprotective effect of cardamom, Elettaria cardamomum Maton fruits in rats. J Ethnopharmacol 103(2):149–153PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kapoor LD (1989) CRC handbook of ayurvedic medicinal plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, 424Google Scholar
  17. Kaushik P, Goyal P, Chauhan A, Chauhan G (2010) In vitro evaluation of antibacterial potential of dry fruit extracts of Elettaria cardamomum Maton (chhoti elaichi). Iranian J Pharm Res 9(3):287–292Google Scholar
  18. Korikontimath VS, Mulge R, Zachariah JT (1999) Variations in essential oil constituents in high ­yielding selections of cardamom. J Plant Crop 27(3):230–232Google Scholar
  19. Lawrence BM (1978) Major tropical spices – cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum). In: von Bruchhausen F (ed) Hagers Handbuch der pharmazeutischen Praxis. Allured Publishers, Wheaton, pp 105–155Google Scholar
  20. Leela NK, Prasath D, Venugopal MN (2008) Essential oil composition of selected cardamom genotypes at different maturity levels. Indian J Hortic 65(3):366–369Google Scholar
  21. Mahmud S (2008) Composition of essential oil of Elettaria cardamomum Maton leaves. Pak J Sci 60(3–4):111–114Google Scholar
  22. Malti JE, Mountassif D, Amarouch H (2007) Antimicrobial activity of Elettaria cardamomum: toxicity, biochemical and histological studies. Food Chem 10(4):1560–1568Google Scholar
  23. Marongiu B, Piras A, Porcedda S (2004) Comparative analysis of the oil and supercritical CO2 extract of Elettaria cardamomum (L.) Maton. J Agric Food Chem 52(20):6278–6282PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Maurer B, Hauser A, Froidevaux JC (1986) (E)-4,8-dimethyl-1,3,7-nonatriene and (E,E)-4,8,12-trimethyl-1,3,7,11-tridecatetraene, two unusual hydrocarbons from cardamom oil. Tetrahedron Lett 27(19):2111–2112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Menon AN, Chacko S, Narayanan CS (1999) Free and glycosidically bound volatiles of cardamom (Eletteria cardamomum Maton var. miniscula Burkill). Flavour Fragr J 14:65–68CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Nigam MC, Nigam IC, Handa KL, Levi L (1965) Essential oils and their constituents XXVIII. Examination of oil of cardamom by gas chromatography. J Pharm Sci 54(5):799–801PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Noleau I, Toulemonde B, Richard H (1987) Volatile constituents of cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum Maton) cultivated in Costa Rica. Flavour Fragr J 2:123–127CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Olivero-Verbel J, González-Cervera T, Güette-Fernandez J, Jaramillo-Colorado B, Stashenko E (2010) Chemical composition and antioxidant activity of essential oils isolated from Colombian plants. Braz J Pharmacogn 20:568–574Google Scholar
  29. Patel MA, Patel PK, Seth AK (2011) Effect of seed extracts of Elettaria cardamomum on calcium oxalate crystallization. Int J Pharm Res Technol 1(1):21–25Google Scholar
  30. Qiblawi S, Al-Hazimi A, Al-Mogbel M, Hossain A, Bagchi D (2012) Chemopreventive effects of cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum L.) on chemically induced skin carcinogenesis in Swiss albino mice. J Med Food 15(6):576–580PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Richard AB, Wijesekera ROB, Chichester CO (1971) Terpenoids of cardamom oil and their comparative distribution among varieties. Phytochemistry 10:177–184CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Sengupta A, Ghosh S, Bhattacharjee S (2005) Dietary ­cardamom inhibits the formation of azoxymethane-induced aberrant crypt foci in mice and reduces COX-2 and iNOS expression in the colon. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 6(2):118–122PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Sereshti H, Rohanifar A, Bakhtiari S, Samadi S (2012) Bifunctional ultrasound assisted extraction and determination of Elettaria cardamomum Maton essential oil. J Chromatogr A 1238:46–53PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Suneetha WJ, Krishnakantha TP (2005) Cardamom extract as inhibitor of human platelet aggregation. Phytother Res 19(5):437–440PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service (2012) USDA national nutrient database for standard reference, release 25. Nutrient Data Laboratory Home Page. http://www.ars.usda.gov/ba/bhnrc/ndl
  36. Wardini TH, Thomas A (1999) Elettaria cardamomum (L.) Maton. In: de Guzman CC, Siemonsma JS (eds) Plant resources of South East Asia no 13. Spices. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, pp 116–120Google Scholar
  37. Zachariah TJ (2002) Chemistry of cardamom. In: Ravindran PN, Madhusoodanan KJ (eds) Cardamom: the genus Elletaria. Taylor and Francis, London/New York, pp 69–90Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. K. Lim
    • 1
  1. 1.CanberraAustralia

Personalised recommendations