Trapa natans

  • T. K. Lim


Herpes Zoster Herpes Genitalis Ganoderma Lucidum Water Chestnut Recurrent Herpes Genitalis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Selected References

  1. Agrahari AK, Khaliquzzama M, Panda SK (2010a) Evaluation of analgesic activity of methanolic extract of Trapa natans L.var. bispinosa Roxb. roots. J Curr Pharm Res 1:8–11Google Scholar
  2. Agrahari AK, Khaliquzzama M, Panda SK, Meher A, Padhan AR (2010b). Physico-chemical studies of Trapa natans L. var bispinosa Roxb. roots. Int J Pharm Res Dev 2(3): Article 10Google Scholar
  3. Babu M, Dwivedi DH, Lata R, Yogita, Ram RB (2011) Evaluation of mineral value in water chestnut fruit (Trapa natans var. bispinosa Roxb.) collected from Central Uttar Pradesh, India. Plant Arch 11(1):105–106Google Scholar
  4. Burkill IH (1966) A dictionary of the economic products of the Malay Peninsula. Revised reprint, 2 volumes. Ministry of Agriculture and Co-operatives, Kuala Lumpur. Vol 1 (A–H), pp 1–1240, vol 2 (I–Z), pp 1241–2444Google Scholar
  5. Chen J, Ding BY, Funston M (2007) Trapaceae. In: Wu ZY, Raven PH, Hong DY (eds) Flora of China, vol 13, Clusiaceae through Araliaceae. Science Press\Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing\St. LouisGoogle Scholar
  6. Duke JA, Ayensu ES (1985) Medicinal plants of China, vols 1 and 2. Reference Publications, Inc., Algonac, 705 ppGoogle Scholar
  7. Foundation for Revitalisation of Local Health Traditions (2008) FRLHT Database. htttp://
  8. Hijikata Y, Yasuhara A, Sahashi Y (2005) Effect of an herbal formula containing Ganoderma lucidum on reduction of herpes zoster pain: a pilot clinical trial. Am J Chin Med 33(4):517–523PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hijikata Y, Yamada S, Yasuhara A (2007) Herbal mixtures containing the mushroom Ganoderma lucidum improve recovery time in patients with herpes genitalis and labialis. J Altern Complement Med 13(9):985–987PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hizukuri S, Takeda Y, Shitaozono T, Abe J, Ohtakara A, Takeda C, Suzuki A (1988) Structure and properties of water chestnut (Trapa natans L. var. bispinosa Makino) starch. Starch – Stärke 40:165–171CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Kalita P, Mukhopadhyay PK, Mukherjee AK (2007) Evaluation of the nutritional quality of four unexplored aquatic weeds from northeast India for the formulation of cost-effective fish feeds. Food Chem 103(1):204–209CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Leung WTW, Butrum RR, Huang Chang F, Narayana Rao M, Polacchi W (1972) Food composition table for use in East Asia. FAO, Rome, 347 ppGoogle Scholar
  13. Malik HC (1961) It pays to grow Singhara and Bhen. Indian Farm 11(8):23–24Google Scholar
  14. Malviya N, Jain S, Jain A, Jain S, Gurjar R (2010) Evaluation of in vitro antioxidant potential of aqueous extract of Trapa natans L. fruits. Acta Pol Pharm 67(4):391–396PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Mandal SM, Migliolo L, Franco OL, Ghosh AK (2011) Identification of an antifungal peptide from Trapa natans fruits with inhibitory effects on Candida tropicalis biofilm formation. Peptides 32(8):1741–1747PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Nakano H (1964) Further studies on Trapa from Japan and its adjacent countries. Bot Mag Tokyo 77:159–167Google Scholar
  17. Parekh J, Chanda S (2007) In vitro antimicrobial activity of Trapa natans L. fruit rind extracted in different solvents. Afr J Biotechnol 6(6):766–770Google Scholar
  18. Patel AS, Patel NC, Shah MH, Shah VN (2011) Evaluation of anti-inflammatory activity of fruits of Trapa natans Linn. Int J Pharm Res Dev 3(6):97–102Google Scholar
  19. Porcher MH et al (1995–2020) Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant name database. Published by The University of Melbourne, Melbourne.
  20. Rai UN, Sinha S (2001) Distribution of metals in aquatic edible plants: Trapa natans (Roxb.) Makino and Ipomoea aquatica Forsk. Environ Monit Assess 70(3):241–252PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Rao KNV, Sudha P, Vinod KR, Banji D (2011) Evaluation of Trapa natans starch as an excipient in tablet formulation. Res J Pharm Biol Chem Sci 2(1):173–178Google Scholar
  22. Shirataki Y, Toda S (2001) Antioxidative effects of dibenzo-. ALPHA.-pyrones in fruits of Trapa natans on lipid peroxidation. Nat Med 55(5):247–250Google Scholar
  23. Singh GD, Siingh SN, Bawa AS, Saxena DC (2010) Physico-chemical characteristics and sensory quality of Singhara (Trapa natans L.): an Indian water chestnut under commercial and industrial storage conditions. Afr J Food Sci 4(11):693–702Google Scholar
  24. Tropicos Org. Missouri Botanical Garden (2011)
  25. Tulyathan V, Boondee K, Mahawanich T (2005) Characteristics of starch from water chestnut (Trapa bispinosa Roxb.). J Food Biochem 29:337–348CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. K. Lim
    • 1
  1. 1.CanberraAustralia

Personalised recommendations