The Demography of Asexuality

Chapter
Part of the International Handbooks of Population book series (IHOP, volume 5)

Abstract

Asexuality has begun to receive both academic (e.g., Bogaert 2004, 2006a, 2008; Prause and Graham 2007; Brotto et al. 2010; Poston and Baumle 2010) and public (e.g., New Scientist; Pagán Westfall 2004) attention. Why does the study of asexuality matter, aside from the scientific and public curiosity about a sexual minority that has been overlooked until recently? A person’s sexuality, particularly as basic as whether he or she is asexual or not, may play a profound role in their social circumstances and life choices, including whether they marry or not, whether they have children or not, and their mental and physical health (e.g., atypical hormonal profile; lower STI risk, etc.). Thus, the study of asexuality is relevant to a number of demographic issues such as health, marriage, and fertility.

Keywords

Sexual Orientation Sexual Desire Sexual Minority Sexual Experience Sexual Attraction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Bailey, J. M., Dunne, M. P., & Martin, N. G. (2000). Genetic and environmental influences on sexual orientation and its correlates in an Australian twin sample. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 78, 524–536.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Baumeister, R. F. (2000). Gender differences in erotic plasticity: The female sex drive as socially flexible and responsive. Psychological Bulletin, 126, 347–374.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bem, D. J. (1996). Exotic becomes erotic: A developmental theory of sexual orientation. Psychological Review, 103, 320–335.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Blanchard, R., & Bogaert, A. F. (1996). Biodemographic comparisons of homosexual and heterosexual men in the Kinsey interview data. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 25, 551–579.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bogaert, A. F. (1996). Volunteer bias in males: Evidence for both personality and sexuality differences. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 25, 125–140.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bogaert, A. F. (1998). Physical development and sexual orientation in women: Height, weight, and age at puberty comparisons. Personality and Individual Differences, 24, 115–121.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bogaert, A. F. (2001). Handedness, criminality, and sexual offending. Neuropsychologia, 39, 465–469.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bogaert, A. F. (2003a). The interaction of fraternal birth order and height in the prediction of sexual orientation in men. Behavioral Neuroscience, 117, 381–384.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bogaert, A. F. (2003b). Number of older brothers and sexual orientation: New tests and attraction/behavior distinction in two national probability samples. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84, 644–652.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Bogaert, A. F. (2004). Asexuality: Its prevalence and associated factors in a national probability sample. Journal of Sex Research, 41, 279–287.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Bogaert, A. F. (2006a). Toward a conceptual understanding of asexuality. Review of General Psychology, 10, 241–250.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Bogaert, A. F. (2006b). Biological versus nonbiological older brothers and sexual orientation in men. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 103, 10771–10774.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Bogaert, A. F. (2007). Extreme right handedness, older brothers, and sexual orientation in men. Neuro­psychology, 21, 141–148.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Bogaert, A. F. (2008). Asexuality. In J. T. Sears (Ed.), Encyclopedia of sex, love and culture, Vol 6: The 20th and 21st centuries. Westport: Greenwood Press.Google Scholar
  15. Bogaert, A. F. (2012a). Understanding asexuality. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Inc.Google Scholar
  16. Bogaert, A. F. (2012b). Asexuality and autochorissexualism (identity-less sexuality). Archives of Sexual Behavior, 41, 1513–1514.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Bogaert, A. F., & Blanchard, R. (1996). Physical development and sexual orientation in men: Height, weight, and onset of puberty differences. Personality and Individual Differences, 21, 77–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Bogaert, A. F., & Friesen, C. (2002). Sexual orientation and height, weight, and age of puberty: New tests from a British national probability sample. Biological Psychology, 59, 135–145.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Brotto, L., Chik, H., Ryder, A. G., Gorzalka, B., & Seal, B. N. (2005). Acculturation and sexual function in Asian women. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 34, 613–626.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Brotto, L. A., Knudson, G., Inskip, J., Rhodes, K., & Erskine, Y. (2010). Asexuality: A mixed methods approach. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 39, 599–618.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Chasin, C. J. D. (2011). Theoretical issues in the study of asexuality. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 40, 713–723. doi: 10.1007/s10508-011-9757-x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Comings, D. E. (1994). Role of genetic factors in human sexual behavior based on studies of Tourette syndrome and ADHD probands and their relatives. American Journal of Medical Genetics, 54, 227–241.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Copas, A. J., Wellings, K., Erens, B., Mercer, C. H., McManus, S., Fenton, K. A., Korovessis, C., Macdowall, W., Nanchaha, K., & Johnson, A. M. (2002). The accuracy of reported sensitive sexual behaviour in Britain: Exploring the extent of change 1990–2000. Sexually Transmitted Infections, 78, 26–30. doi:10.1136/sti.78.1.26\.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Diamond, L. M. (2003). What does sexual orientation orient? A biobehavioral model distinguishing romantic love and sexual desire. Psychological Review, 110, 173–192.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Ellis, L., & Ames, M. A. (1987). Neurohormonal functioning and sexual orientation: A theory of homosexuality-heterosexuality. Psychological Bulletin, 101, 233–258.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Grumbach, M. M., & Styne, D. M. (1992). Puberty: Ontogeny, neuroendocrinology, physiology, and disorders. In J. D. Wilson & D. W. Foster (Eds.), Williams textbook of endocrinology (8th ed., pp. 1139–1221). Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders.Google Scholar
  27. Heiman, J. R. (1977). A psychophysiological exploration of sexual arousal patterns in females and males. Psychophysiology, 14, 266–274.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Johnson, A., Wadsworth, J., Wellings, K., & Field, J. (1994). Sexual attitudes and lifestyles. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific Publications.Google Scholar
  29. Johnson, A., Mercer, C. H., Erens, B., Copas, A. J., McManus, S., Wellings, K., Fenton, K. A., Korovessis, C., Macdowall, W., Nanchahal, K., Purdon, S., & Field, J. (2001). Sexual behavior in Britain: Partnerships, practices, and HIV risk behaviors. The Lancet, 358, 1835–1842.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Laan, E., Everaerd, W., van Bellen, G., & Hanewald, G. (1994). Women’s sexual and emotional arousal responses to male- and female-produced erotica. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 23, 153–170.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Lalumière, M. L., Blanchard, R., & Zucker, K. J. (2000). Sexual orientation and handedness in men and women: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 126, 575–592.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Laumann, E. O., Gagnon, J. H., Michael, R. T., & Michaels, S. (1994). The social organization of sexuality: Sexual practices in the United States. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  33. LeVay, S. (1991). A difference in hypothalamic structure between homosexual and heterosexual men. Science, 253, 1034–1037.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Money, J. (1988). Gay, straight, and in-between. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  35. Morokoff, P. J. (1986). Volunteer bias in the psychophysiological study of female sexuality. Journal of Sex Research, 22, 35–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Mosher, W. D., Chandra, A., & Jones, J. (2005). Sexual behavior and selected health measures: Men and women 15–44 years of age, United States, 2002. Advance Data from Vital and Health Statistics, 362, 1–56.Google Scholar
  37. National Centre for Social Research, Johnson, A., Fenton, K. A., Copas, A., Mercer, C., McCadden, A., Carder, C., Ridgway, G., Wellings, K., Macdowall, W., & Nanchahal, K. (2005, August). National survey of sexual attitudes and lifestyles II, 20002001 [computer file]. Colchester: UK Data Archive [distributor]. SN: 5223.Google Scholar
  38. Oliver, M., & Hyde, J. S. (1993). Gender differences in sexuality: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 114, 29–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Pagán Westfall, S. (2004, October 16). Glad to be a. New Scientist, 184, 40–43.Google Scholar
  40. Poston, D. L., Jr., & Baumle, A. K. (2010). Patterns of asexuality in the United States. Demograpic Research, 23, 509–530.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Prause, N., & Graham, C. A. (2007). Asexuality: Classification and categorization. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 36, 341–356. doi: 10.1007/s10508-006-9142-3 Google Scholar
  42. Saunders, D. M., Fisher, W. A., Hewitt, E. C., & Clayton, J. P. (1985). A method for empirically assessing volunteer selection effects: Recruitment procedures and responses to erotica. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 49, 1703–1712.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Storms, M. D. (1980). Theories of sexual orientation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 38, 783–792. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.38.5.783 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Storms, M. D. (1981). A theory of erotic orientation development. Psychological Review, 88, 340–353.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Wellings, K., Field, J., Johnson, A., & Wadsworth, J. (1994). Sexual behavior in Britain: The national survey of sexual attitudes and lifestyles. London: Penguin.Google Scholar
  46. Williams, T., Pepitone, M. E., Christensen, S. E., Cooke, B. M., Huberman, A. D., Breedlove, N. J., et al. (2000). Finger length patterns and human sexual orientation. Nature, 404, 455–456.Google Scholar
  47. Yeo, R. A., & Gangestad, S. W. (1993). Developmental origins of variation in human hand preference. Genetica, 89, 281–296.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Yeo, R. A., Gangestad, S. W., & Daniel, W. F. (1993). Hand preference and developmental instability. Psychobiology, 21, 161–168.Google Scholar
  49. Zucker, K. J., & Bradley, S. J. (1995). Gender identity disorder and psychosexual problems in children and adolescents. New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht. 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departments of Community Health Sciences and PsychologyBrock UniversitySt. CatharinesCanada

Personalised recommendations