Upscaling Flow Properties

  • Philip Ringrose
  • Mark Bentley


To upscale flow properties means to estimate large-scale flow behaviour from smaller-scale measurements. Typically, we start with a few measurements of rock samples (lengthscale ~3 cm) and some records of flow rates and pressures in test wells (~100 m). Our challenge is to estimate how the whole reservoir will flow (~1 km).

Flow properties of rocks vary enormously over a wide range of length-scales, and estimating upscaled flow properties can be quite a challenge. Unfortunately, many reservoir modellers choose to overlook this problem and blindly hope that a few measurements will correctly represent the whole reservoir. The aim of this chapter is to help make intelligent estimates of large-scale flow properties. In the words of Albert Einstein:

Two things are infinite: the universe and human stupidity; and I’m not sure about the universe.


Capillary Pressure Relative Permeability Representative Elementary Volume Flow Property Reservoir Model 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Philip Ringrose
    • 1
  • Mark Bentley
    • 2
  1. 1.Statoil ASA & NTNUTrondheimNorway
  2. 2.TRACS International Consultancy Ltd.AberdeenUK

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