Finland: Satisfaction Guaranteed! A Tale of Two Systems

  • Timo Aarrevaara
  • Ian R. Dobson
Part of the The Changing Academy – The Changing Academic Profession in International Comparative Perspective book series (CHAC, volume 7)


Whereas the trend in many countries has been towards merging former teaching institutions with each other and with existing universities to form new universities (such as in Australia and the UK), in Finland, a new higher education subsector has been created to become the second branch of Finnish higher education. Finland’s polytechnics have existed for a mere 20 years, having been created from myriad small vocational teaching institutions. Therefore, Finland has a new academic group responding to the needs of a set of nonuniversity institutions, and it is relevant to consider the attributes of these polytechnic academics, compared with the attributes of equivalent cohorts of university academics. Results…..


High Education Institution Academic Freedom Academic Staff High Education System High Education Sector 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This chapter was written with the assistance of funding to support the EUROAC-FIN (2011) project received from HEINE, the Network for Higher Education and Innovation Research, University of Helsinki.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Higher Education Governance and Management UnitUniversity of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland
  2. 2.School of Education and ArtsUniversity of BallaratBallaratAustralia

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