Waves of Technological Innovation: The Evolution of the US Pulp and Paper Industry, 1860–2000

  • Hannes Toivanen
Part of the World Forests book series (WFSE, volume 17)


Technological innovation, big and small, has played a critical role in the evolution of the modern United States pulp and paper industry since its origins in the early nineteenth century. New technological knowledge and its implementation, more than anything else, gave entrepreneurs, firms, industries, and whole regions, the ability to create or capture new markets, or erect new production hubs, and to forge ahead competitors.


Paper Industry Vertical Integration Shipping Container Pulp Process Paper Company 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Innovation and Knowledge EconomyVTT-Technical Research Centre of FinlandEspooFinland

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