Landscape Management

  • Chadwick Dearing Oliver
  • Kristofer Covey
  • Aaron Hohl
  • David Larsen
  • James B. McCarter
  • Andrew Niccolai
  • Jeremy Wilson
Part of the World Forests book series (WFSE, volume 15)


Natural resources are neither uniformly nor randomly distributed across the Earth. Rather, they are commonly grouped within geomorphologic and climatic boundaries. These groups—“Ecological Zones”—are generally large and cross political and socioeconomic boundaries. It is cumbersome to coordinate effective management for many values across these large areas. Consequently, we subdivide ecological zones into smaller areas and then further subdivide these, creating a hierarchy of sizes for management (Fig. 3.1; Oliver 2003). The term “ecosystem” refers to an ecological grouping of biotic and abiotic factors at any scale (Chapin et al. 2002; Kimmins 2003).


Land Cover Strategic Management Emergent Property Stand Structure Work Unit 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chadwick Dearing Oliver
    • 1
  • Kristofer Covey
    • 1
  • Aaron Hohl
    • 2
  • David Larsen
    • 3
  • James B. McCarter
    • 4
  • Andrew Niccolai
    • 5
  • Jeremy Wilson
    • 6
  1. 1.School of Forestry and Environmental StudiesYale UniversityNew HavenUSA
  2. 2.Department of Forestry and Wildland ResourcesHumboldt State UniversityArcataUSA
  3. 3.School of Natural ResourcesUniversity of MissouriColumbiaUSA
  4. 4.School of Environment and Forest Sciences, College of the EnvironmentUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA
  5. 5.Research and Development CenterUnited States Coast GuardNew LondonUSA
  6. 6.Harris Center for Conservation EducationHancockUSA

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