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Leptomeningeal Metastasis

  • Priscilla K. Brastianos
  • Charilaos H. Brastianos
  • April F. Eichler
Chapter
Part of the Cancer Metastasis - Biology and Treatment book series (CMBT, volume 18)

Abstract

Neoplastic meningitis is a common complication in cancer with a median survival on the order of weeks to months. Although there is no current standard of care, management of neoplastic meningitis typically requires a multidisciplinary approach that may include surgery, radiation and chemotherapy. Results from retrospective analyses have suggested that intrathecal chemotherapy improves patient outcomes in neoplastic meningitis. Chemotherapeutic agents commonly administered into the cerebrospinal fluid include methotrexate, thiotepa, cytosine arabinoside and liposomal cytarabine. Systemically administered agents are an alternative to intrathecal chemotherapy, and targeted agents are showing promise. Larger randomized controlled studies are needed to determine the optimal treatment regimen for this devastating manifestation of cancer.

Keywords

Lumbar Puncture Leptomeningeal Metastasis Intrathecal Chemotherapy Intrathecal Methotrexate Neoplastic Meningitis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Priscilla K. Brastianos
    • 1
    • 2
  • Charilaos H. Brastianos
    • 3
  • April F. Eichler
    • 4
  1. 1.Stephen E. and Catherine Pappas Center for Neuro-Oncology, Department of Medical Oncology, Division of Hematology and Oncology, Yawkey 9EMassachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center, Harvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Medical OncologyDana-Farber/Brigham and Women’s Cancer Center, Harvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA
  3. 3.Department of MedicineMcMaster UniversityHamiltonCanada
  4. 4.Stephen E. and Catherine Pappas Center for Neuro-Oncology, Department of Neurology, Division of Hematology and Oncology, Yawkey 9EMassachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center, Harvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA

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