Advertisement

Homophobic Bullying in Catholic High Schools: Five US Studies in Heterosexism, Authority, Masculinity, and Religion

  • Michael J. Maher
Chapter

Abstract

In research conducted over the course of nearly a decade in the United States, Maher describes how the sources of homophobic bullying in Catholic secondary schools include gender conformity, a culture of masculinity, and rigid religious beliefs. Homophobic bullying is described through interviews with gay and lesbian Catholic school alumni. Catholic secondary school staff and administrators describe their efforts to change their schools’ environments. Surveys demonstrate the connections between religiosity, masculinity, and intolerance. Maher also shows how the religious nature of these schools can contribute both to bullying and to combating bullying, when shaped properly.

Keywords

Focus Group Participant Catholic School Public High School Gender Conformity Derogatory Term 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Bayly, M. (1998, Spring). Bringing home the message. Rainbow Spirit, 1(1). Retrieved September 24, 2002, from http://www.mtn.org/∼cpcsm/rsv1-1/bringing.htm
  2. Bocheneck, M., & Brown, A. W. (2001). Hatred in the hallways: Violence and discrimination against lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender students in U.S. schools. New York: Human Rights Watch.Google Scholar
  3. Boisvert, D. L., & Goss, R. E. (2005). Introduction. In D. L. Boisvert & R. E. Goss (Eds.), Gay Catholic priests and clerical sexual misconduct: Breaking the silence (pp. 1–5). Binghamton: Haworth Press.Google Scholar
  4. Coleman, G. D. (1995). Homosexuality: Catholic teaching and pastoral practice. Mahwah: Paulist Press.Google Scholar
  5. Convey, J. J. (1992). Catholic schools make a difference: Twenty-five years of research. Washington, DC: National Catholic Education Association.Google Scholar
  6. Cozzens, D. B. (2000). The changing face of priesthood. Collegeville: The Liturgical Press.Google Scholar
  7. Gay, L., & Straight Education Network. (2001). The national school climate survey 2001: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender students and their experiences in schools. New York: Author.Google Scholar
  8. Gevelinger, M. E., & Zimmerman, L. (1997). How Catholic schools are creating a safe climate for gay and lesbian students. Educational Leadership, 55(2), 66–68.Google Scholar
  9. Gustavsson, N. S., & MacEachron, A. E. (1998). Violence and lesbian and gay youth. Journal of Gay and Lesbian Social Services, 8(3), 41–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Harkins, W. (1993). Introducing the Catholic elementary school principal: What principals say about themselves, their values, their schools. Washington, DC: The National Catholic Education Association.Google Scholar
  11. Harris, J. I. (2001). Religious variables relevant to internalized homophobia and sexual identity development (Doctoral dissertation, Texas Tech University, 2001). Dissertation Abstracts International, 62(05), 2516B.Google Scholar
  12. Jordan, M. D. (2000). The silence of Sodom: Homosexuality in modern Catholicism. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  13. Kushner, R., & Helbling, M. (1995). The people who work there: The report of the Catholic elementary school teacher survey. Washington, DC: The National Catholic Education Association.Google Scholar
  14. Litton E. F. (1999, April). Stories of courage and hope: Gay and lesbian Catholic elementary school teachers. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Montreal, Canada.Google Scholar
  15. Love, P. G. (1998). Cultural barriers facing lesbian, gay, and bisexual students at a Catholic college. Journal of Higher Education, 69(3), 298–323.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Maher, M. J. (2001). Being gay and lesbian in a Catholic high school: Beyond the uniform. Binghamton: Haworth Press.Google Scholar
  17. Maher, M. J. (2002). Openly addressing the reality: Homosexuality and Catholic seminary policies. Journal of Religion and Education, 29(2), 49–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Maher, M. J. (2004). Catholic high school students’ attitudes toward homosexuality: A snapshot of incoming college freshmen. Catholic Education: A Journal of Inquiry and Practice, 7(4), 462–478.Google Scholar
  19. Maher, M. J. (2005). Single-sex schools. In J. T. Sears (Ed.), Youth, education, and sexualities: An international encyclopedia (Vol. 2, pp. 792–795). Westport: Greenwood Press.Google Scholar
  20. Maher, M. J. (2007). Gay and lesbian students in Catholic high schools: A qualitative study of alumni narratives. Catholic Education: A Journal of Inquiry and Practice, 10(4), 449–472.Google Scholar
  21. Maher, M. J. (2009). Building trust with gay and lesbian students in universities: Perspectives of a Catholic lay chaplain. In M. De Sousa, L. J. Francis, J. O’Higgins-Norman, & D. Scott (Eds.), The international handbook of education for spirituality, care and wellbeing (pp. 1141–1156). Berlin: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Maher, M. J., & Sever, L. M. (2007). What educators in Catholic schools might expect when addressing gay and lesbian issues: A study of needs and barriers. Journal of Gay and Lesbian Issues in Education, 4(3), 79–111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Maher, M. J., Sever, L. M., & Pichler, S. (2008). How Catholic college students think about homosexuality: The connection between authority and sexuality. Journal of Homosexuality, 55(3), 325–349.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. McNamara, P. H. (1992). Conscience first, tradition second: A study of young American Catholics. Albany: State University of New York Press.Google Scholar
  25. Plummer, D. (1999). One of the boys: Masculinity, homophobia, and modern manhood. Binghamton: Haworth Press.Google Scholar
  26. Pontifical Council for the Family. (1996). The truth and meaning of human sexuality: Guidelines for education within the family. Rome: Author.Google Scholar
  27. Rey, A. M. (1997). Beyond high school: Heterosexuals’ self-reported anti-gay/lesbian behaviors and attitudes. Journal of Gay and Lesbian Social Services, 7(4), 65–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Sacred Congregation for Catholic Education. (1983). Educational guidance in human love: Outlines for sex education. Rome: Author.Google Scholar
  29. Smith, T. W. (1999, January). American Catholics (National Opinion Research Center Report). Chicago: University of Chicago.Google Scholar
  30. Thavis, J. (2002, March 6). Vatican spokesman’s comments highlight debate over gay priests. Catholic News Service. Retrieved September 24, 2002, from http://www.catholicnews.com/data/stories/cnc/20020306.htm
  31. Thomas, J. L. (2000). AIDS in the priesthood (series). The Kansas City Star. Retrieved January 30, 2003, from http://www.kcstar.com/projects/priests/
  32. Thurlow, C. (2001). Naming the ‘outsider within’: Homophobic pejoratives and the verbal abuse of lesbian, gay and bisexual high school pupils. Journal of Adolescence, 24(1), 25–38.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Toman, J. A. (1997). Dual identity: Being Catholic and being gay (Doctoral dissertation, Cleveland State University, 1997). Dissertation Abstracts International, 58(05), 1942A.Google Scholar
  34. USCC. (1991). Human sexuality: A Catholic perspective for education and lifelong learning. United States Catholic conference. Washington, DC: AuthorGoogle Scholar
  35. USCC, NCCB Committee on Marriage and Family. (1997). Always our children: Pastoral message to parents of homosexual children and suggestions for pastoral ministers. Washington, DC: United States Catholic Conference.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Loyola University ChicagoChicagoUSA

Personalised recommendations