Hardiness pp 7-17 | Cite as

Personal Hardiness as the Basis for Resilience

Part of the SpringerBriefs in Psychology book series (BRIEFSPSYCHOL)


Together, the hardiness attitudes and strategies facilitate resilience under stress. The hardy attitudes are the 3Cs of commitment, control, and challenge. No matter how bad things get, challenge helps you realize that life is naturally stressful, commitment helps you stay involved with what is going on around you, and control helps you try to turn it to your advantage. This courage helps you engage in the hardy strategies of problem-solving coping, socially-supportive interactions, and beneficial self-care. Our 12-year longitudinal study at Illinois Bell Telephone showed that the higher were managers in personality hardiness; the better was their performance, and health after the disruptive deregulation of the telephone industry they experienced. These findings led to the Hardiness Model.


Hardy attitudes Hardy strategies Resilience Enhanced performance Enhanced health Problem-solving coping Socially-supportive interactions Beneficial self-care Illinois Bell Telephone study Stress Strain Hardiness model 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Psychology and Social BehaviourUniversity of CaliforniaIrvineUnited States of America

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