Ibn ‘Arabī on the Ultimate Model of the Ultimate

  • William C. Chittick


Ibn ‘Arabî’s vast corpus of writings analyzes a great variety of templates that allow seekers of understanding to grasp the Necessary Being and the entire realm of contingency. By the necessity of its very nature the Necessary Being gives rise to three complementary images of itself—the universe, the human self, and scripture. It discloses itself in each in keeping with its inherent attributes, both the “natural,” such as life, consciousness, desire, power, speech; and the “moral,” such as compassion, love, justice, forgiveness, and pardon. The goal of human existence is to actualize these attributes in perfect harmony. No human model can possibly embrace the infinity of the Necessary Being, but each model will necessarily reveal something of its nature. Ibn ‘Arabî shows why each model must be simultaneously affirmed and denied if we are to achieve the full potentiality of our human existence.


Character Trait Ultimate Reality Human Soul Specific Thing Divine Attribute 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Asian and Asian-American StudiesStony Brook UniversityStony BrookUSA

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