How Spinozistic Was Toland’s Pantheism?

Chapter

Abstract

John Toland, generally considered one of the major English deists, introduced the term ‘pantheism’ into English during the Enlightenment. Here I explore exactly what Toland meant by it, and with what right he associated it with the philosophy of Spinoza. I begin by surveying some of the main sources for Toland’s conception of pantheism, and then ask whether the views he ascribes to Spinoza accord with what I believe to be Spinoza’s position on the nature of God and his relation to the universe. I argue that on the most common understanding of “pantheism,” Spinoza is not a pantheist, but that there is an alternative reading of the term, suggested by Toland, according to which he is.

Keywords

Divine Nature Infinite Power Infinite Mode Finite Thing Platonistic Theory 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA

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