• Jyotsna Pattnaik
Part of the Educating the Young Child book series (EDYC, volume 6)


Experts identify some important social trends around the world that have altered the sociocultural milieu in which children are raised (Cabrera, Tamis-LeMonda, Bradley, Hofferth, & Lamb, 2000. Fatherhood in the twenty-first century. Child Development, 71(1), 127–136.). These trends include increased labor force participation of mothers and consequent increase in children’s participation in formal childcare settings; increased absence of fathers in the lives of their children; increased involvement of fathers in two-parent households; and increased involvement of nonbiological fathers including step fathers, grand fathers, father figures , and adoptive fathers. In the United States, some other emerging trends include the rising number of single fathers raising children as well as stay-home dads. According to the U.S. Bureau of the Census (2011), in the year 2010, there were about 1.8 million lone fathers raising children and there were 154, 000 stay-at-home dads caring for 287,000 children, which almost doubled during the period 2003–2010.


Father Involvement Paternal Involvement Social Father Paternity Leave Paternal Incarceration 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jyotsna Pattnaik
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Teacher EducationCalifornia State UniversityLong BeachU.S.A

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