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Estimation of Groundwater Quality from Surface Water Quality Variables of a Tropical River Basin by Neurogenetic Models

  • Mrinmoy MajumderEmail author
  • Bipal Kr. Jana
Chapter

Abstract

According to the hydrological cycle, after rainfall infiltration becomes high and once the soil pores become saturated, surface runoff begins. The infiltrated water is added to the groundwater and depressions and canals are utilized to store or drain out excess water. Because surface water and groundwater have the same source, their quality is related, but the physiochemical properties of the soil layers and geological characteristics of the catchments also influence the quality of water in the surface and ground. Many scientific studies have established that surface water is not as pure and fit for drinking as groundwater. Groundwater is free of turbidity, suspended impurities, and organic and inorganic micropollutants. This reactive nature of water is almost neutral. Although groundwater is affected by dissolved metals (like arsenic, iron, etc.), volatile organic compounds and toxic gases, but the intensity of groundwater pollutants varies with location and surrounding geophysical and ecological structures. In most of the places people use groundwater for drinking without adopting any means of purification. If the source is free of organic and inorganic pollutants and if the metal and gaseous concentrations are low, then the ground/surface water can easily be used for drinking or washing purposes without much threat to human health. But if the surface water contaminates the source through leakage or accidental removal of the impervious layers, then it may contaminate the source, and use of the contaminated groundwater could cause affect public health. The present study attempts to predict the quality of groundwater with the help of surface water quality parameters along with some climatic and geophysical parameters. The study utilized neurogenetic models for predicting the quality of groundwater. The results show that predictions of pH and chlorine levels based on the parameters was found to be more accurate and reliable than the prediction of any other quality variables. Thus it can be concluded that if surface water and groundwater are mixed, the pH and turbidity will undergo the most dramatic change among all other quality variables.

Keywords

Groundwater quality Neurogenetic models Damodar Basin 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Hydro-Informatics EngineeringNational Institute of Technology Agartala, BarjalaJiraniaIndia
  2. 2.Consulting Engineering Services, “AKARIK,”KolkataIndia

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