On Location Management Techniques for Future Wireless Mobile Networks: Fundamental Conceptual Perspective

  • Ki-Sik Kong
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 181)


Location management is one of the most challenging issues in future wireless mobile networks. In this paper, from the viewpoint of fundamental principles underlying location management schemes regardless of network types, we review and analyze a variety of existing location management schemes which have been reported for wireless cellular networks and Mobile IP-based networks, and derive common key conceptual ideas, their main design goals and common performance considerations on them, which can provide a useful guidance for understanding location management schemes regardless of network types. The goal of this paper is not to propose a new location management scheme, but to highlight various key design features involved in the existing location management schemes and enhance an insight into the common underlying principles and techniques for designing more efficient and optimized location management scheme in future wireless mobile networks.


Location Management Wireless Cellular Networks Mobile IP-based Networks 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Akyildiz, I.F., et al.: Mobility management in next-generation wireless systems. Proc. IEEE 87(8), 1347–1384 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kyamakya, K., Jobmann, K.: Location management in cellular networks: classification of the most important paradigms, realistic simulation framework, and relative performance analysis. IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol. 54(2), 687–708 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Akyildiz, I.F., et al.: A survey of mobility management in next-generation all-IP-based wireless systems. IEEE Wireless Commun. 11(4), 16–28 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Saha, D., et al.: Mobility support in IP: a survey of related protocols. IEEE Network 18(6), 34–40 (2004)MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Johnson, D., Perkins, C.: Mobility support in IPv6. IETF RFC 3775 (June 2004)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Soliman, H., Castelluccia, C., Malki, K., Bellier, L.: Hierarchical mobile IPv6 mobility management (HMIPv6). IETF RFC 4140 (August 2005)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Perkins, C.: IP mobility support for IPv4. IETF RFC 3344 (August 2002)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kong, K.-S., et al.: Mobility management for all-IP mobile networks: mobile IPv6 vs. proxy mobile IPv6. IEEE Wireless Commun. 15(2), 36–45 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Jain, R., Lin, Y.B.: An auxiliary user location strategy employing forwarding pointers to reduce network impact of PCS. ACM-Baltzer J. WINET 1(2), 197–210 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ma, W., Fang, Y.: Two-level pointer forwarding strategy for location management in PCS networks. IEEE Trans. MobilCom. 1(1), 32–45 (2002)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kant, C., Arun, P., Prakash, N.: Two-level single-chain pointer forwarding strategy: a new scheme for location management in mobile communication. IET Commun. 1(6), 1224–1229 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kondepu, K., Kumar, C.: An effective pointer-based HLR location registration scheme in location management for PCS networks. In: Proc. COMSNETS 2009, pp. 1–2 (2009)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ma, W., Fang, Y.: A pointer forwarding based local anchoring (POFLA) scheme for wireless networks. IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol. 54(3), 1135–1146 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Ma, W., Fang, Y.: Dynamic hierarchical mobility management strategy for Mobile IP networks. IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22(4), 664–676 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Pack, S., Lee, B., Kwon, T., Choi, Y.: A pointer forwarding scheme with mobility-aware binding update in Mobile IPv6 networks. Computer Commun. 31(5), 873–884 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Yi, M., Song, U., Hwang, C.: A Lazy Update Strategy for Minimizing Signaling Cost Using the Forwarding Pointer in Mobile IP. J. Info. Sci. and Eng. 21(2), 259–286 (2005)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Ho, J., Akyildiz, I.: Local anchor scheme for reducing signaling costs in personal communications networks. IEEE/ACM Trans. Networking 4(5), 709–726 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Kong, K.-S.: Performance analysis of profile-based location caching with fixed local anchor for next-generation wireless networks. IEICE Trans. Commun. 91-B(11), 3595–3607 (2008)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Xie, J., Akyildiz, I.: A novel distributed dynamic location management scheme for minimizing signaling costs in Mobile IP. IEEE Trans. MobilCom. 1(3), 163–174 (2002)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Pyo, C., Jie, L., Kameda, H.: A dynamic and distributed domain-based mobility management method for Mobile IPv6. In: Proc. VTC 2003, vol. 3, pp. 1964–1968 (October 2003)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Pack, S., Kwon, T., Choi, Y.: A performance comparison of mobility anchor point selection schemes in hierarchical mobile IPv6 networks. Computer Networks 51(6), 1630–1642 (2007)MATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Taleb, T., et al.: DEMAPS: A load-transition-based mobility management scheme for an efficient selection of MAP in mobile IPv6 networks. IEEE Trans. on Veh. Tech. 58(2), 954–965 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Jain, R., Lin, Y., Lo, C., Mohan, S.: A caching strategy to reduce network impacts of PCS. IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun.,1434–1445 (1994)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Jain, R., Anjum, F.: Caching in hierarchical user location databases for PCS. In: Proc. PWC 1999, pp. 496–500 (February 1999)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Lin, Y.B.: Determining the user locations for personal communications services networks. IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol. 43, 466–473 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Kwon, S., Nam, S., Hwang, H., Sung, D.: Analysis of a mobility management scheme considering battery power conservation in IP-based mobile networks. IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol. 53(6), 1882–1890 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Vadali, R., Jianhui, L., Yiqiong, W., Guohong, C.: Agent-based route optimization for mobile IP. In: Proc. IEEE VTC 2001, vol. 4, pp. 2731–2735 (October 2001)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    He, W., Chen, I.: A proxy-based integrated cache consistency and mobility management scheme for client-server applications in mobile IP systems. Journal of Parallel and Distributed Computing 69(6), 559–572 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Shivakumar, N., Jannink, J., Widom, J.: Per-user profile replication in mobile environments: algorithms, analysis, and simulation results. ACM/Kluwer MONET 2(2), 129–140 (1997)Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Chen, G., Lee, S.: Evaluation of distributed and replicated HLR for location management in PCS Network. J. Info. Sci. and Eng. 19(1), 85–101 (2005)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Lee, H., Cho, D.: An efficient location management scheme based on replication strategy for intersystem roaming in mobile wireless networks. Computer Commun. 29(16), 3238–3249 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Jue, J.: Design and analysis of a replicated server architecture for supporting IP-host mobility. Cluster Computing 1(2), 249–260 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Lee, D., Kim, H., Lee, J., Lin, Y.: Performance analysis of the distributed location management scheme in large mobile networks. Int’l Journal of Info. Proc. Syst. 1(1), 55–61 (2005)Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Huang, Y., Chuang, M.: Fault tolerance for home agents in mobile IP. Computer Networks 50(18), 3686–3700 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of MultimediaNamseoul UniversityCheonanRepublic of Korea

Personalised recommendations