Principal Issues Surrounding Trap Magmatism of the Siberian Platform

  • V. V. Ryabov
  • A. Ya. Shevko
  • M. P. Gora
Chapter
Part of the Modern Approaches in Solid Earth Sciences book series (MASE, volume 3)

Abstract

The Noril’sk region has a special place in the basalt field of the Siberian Platform. It is characterized by a complex geodynamic environment, the most entire sequence of the volcanogenic succession, great variety of hypabyssal intrusions of varying composition, and with different degree of differentiation. In this region, the Noril’sky-type layered intrusions and related largest sulfide Pt–Cu–Ni and Pt low-sulfide deposits such as the Oktyabrsky, Talnakh, and Noril’sk-I are located. Geological investigations in the region are carried out over many decades, but in spite of this, the main problems related to the origin of the volcanogenic succession, layered intrusions, and ore deposits are still relevant. In Sect. 1.1, features of geological setting and magmatism in the northwest of the Siberian Platform are described. A great deal of attention is drawn to the problems of Trap magmatism and ore formation. In Sect. 1.2, the present notions of geologists about the composition of parental magma of Siberian Traps, their chamber differentiation, and the origin of high-magnesian Traps, pegmatoids, and sulfide ores of the Noril’sk deposits are considered. In connection with these matters, a short review of the published experimental data in the field of differentiation and crystallization of silicate and ore liquids, as well as petrogenesis and ore formation that form the basis for genetic models, is given.

Keywords

Fractional Crystallization Basaltic Magma Parental Magma Siberian Platform Liquid Immiscibility 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Almukhamedov AI, Medvedev AY (1982) Geochemistry of sulfur in evolution processes in mafic magmas (ed Chernyshov LV). Nauka, Moscow, 148 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  2. Andreev NS, Masurin OV, Poray-Koshits EA, Roskova GP, Filippovich VP (1974) Immiscibility phenomena in glasses. Nauka, Leningrad, 220 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  3. Anfilogov VN (1975) The nature and petrochemical criteria of immiscibility in magmatic melts. Geokhimiya 7:1035–1042 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  4. Ariskin AA (1999) Phase equilibriums and dynamics of fractionation of basalt magma. Unpublished Doctor Sc thesis, GEOKHI RAS, Moscow, 52 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  5. Arkhipova AI (1975) Geochemical characteristic of intrusive traps of the Noril’sk plateau. Trudy NIIGA (ed Kavardin GI). Nedra, Leningrad, 135 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  6. Arkhipova AI, Natorkhin IA (1968) Toward the problem of genesis of “taxitic gabbrodolerites” from Noril’sk differentiated intrusions. In: Urvantsev NN (ed) Geology of mineral resources of the Noril’sk mining region. NMMC Noril’sk, pp 132–134 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  7. Arutyunyan LA, Sargsyan GO, Smolkin VF (1988) On nickeliferous olivines crystallizing in silicate and sulfide-silicate systems. In: Mitrophanov FP, Gorbunov GI (eds) Nickeliferous mafic-ultramafic complexes of Ukraina, Siberia and Far East. Apatity, pp 78–81 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  8. Avgustinchik IA (1981) On composition of sulfide mineralization of the Lower Talnakh intrusion. In: Likhachev AP (ed) Genesis and localization conditions of copper-nickel mineralization, vol 162. Trydy TSNIGRI, Moscow (in Russian)Google Scholar
  9. Babushkin OS, Zhunina LA (1983) On immiscibility in chrome-bearing glass of the pyroxene system. Steklo, sitally i silikaty 12:26–27 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  10. Bondar’ IA, Toropov NA (1963) Ascertainment of immiscibility in fluorine-bearing slaggy and rare metal silicate systems. In: Poray-Koshits EA (ed) Glass-like state, issue 1, AS USSR, Leningrad, pp 39–41 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  11. Borisov VI (1972) The role of plagioclatization of rocks in generation of the Talnakh ore-bearing intrusion. In: Urvantsev NN (ed) Copper-nickel ores of the Talnakh ore junction. Leningrad, pp 113–118 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  12. Bowen NL (1928) The evolution of igneous rocks. Princeton University Press, Princeton, 334 pGoogle Scholar
  13. Bulgakova EI (1971) Temperature conditions of formation of Noril’sk differentiated intrusions. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Novosibirsk, 30 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  14. Cameron EN (1970) Composition of certain co-existing phases in the eastern part of Bushveld Complex: symposium on the Bushveld Igneous Complex and other layered intrusions. Spec Publ Geol Soc S Afr 1:46–58Google Scholar
  15. Carstens H (1979) Liquid immiscibility in mafic alkaline magmas. Chem Geol 27(4):297–307Google Scholar
  16. Cawthorn RG (ed-in-chief) (1996) Layered intrusions (developments in petrology), vol 15, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 544 pGoogle Scholar
  17. Chernyshev NM (1971) Sulfide copper-nickel deposits of the south-eastern part of the Voronezhsky crystalline massif. Voronezhsky Univ Pub, Voronezh, 298 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  18. Daly R (1933) Igneous rocks and depths of the Earth. McGraw-Hill, New York/London, 533 pGoogle Scholar
  19. Distler VV, Duzhikov OA (1988) Formations of sulfide copper-nickel deposits. In: Obolensky AA, Sotnikov VI, Sharapov VN (eds) Ore formation and genetic models of endogenous ore formations. Nauka, Novosibirsk, pp 166–172 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  20. Distler VV, Smirnov LV, Grokhovskaya TL, Filimonova AA, Muravitskaya GN (1979) Stratification, invisible layering of trap intrusions and conditions of formation of sulfide mineralization. In: Smirnov VI (ed) Conditions of formation of magmatic ore deposits. Nauka, Moscow, pp 211–269 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  21. Dmitriev AN, Zolotukhin VV, Vasil’ev YR (1968) The experience of application of discrete mathematical processing of the data on differentiated trap intrusions at the northwest of the Siberian platform. Sovetskaya Geologiya 12:98–108 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  22. Dneprovskaya MB, Frenkel MYa, Ariskin AA (1985) Modeling of layering of the Talnakh ore-bearing intrusion as a method for study of its formation mechanism. In: Thermodynamics in geology, vol 1. The first All-Union Symposium, Suzdal, March 12–14 1985. Chernogolovka, pp 228–229 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  23. Dodin DA (1967) Petrology of traps of the East Khraelakh (Noril’sk region). Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, VSEGEI, Leningrad, 31 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  24. Dodin DA (1982) Nickeliferous magmatic complexes of the north-western part of the Siberian platform. Unpublished Doctor Sc thesis, VSEGEI, Leningrad, 34 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  25. Dodin DA, Batuev BN (1971) Geology and petrology of Talnakh differentiated intrusions and their metamorphic aureole. In: Urvantsev NN (ed) Petrology and Metallogeny of Talnakh and Noril’sk differentiated intrusions. Nedra, Leningrad, pp 31–100 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  26. Dodin DA, Sadikov MA (1967) Some aspects of trap differentiation by the example of Kharaelakh mountains. In: Urvantsev NN (ed) Petrology of traps of the Siberian platform. Nedra, Leningrad, pp 141–152 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  27. Dodin DA, Batuev BN, Mitenkov GA, Izoitko VM (1971) Atlas of rocks and ores of Noril'sk copper-nickel deposits. Nedra, Leningrad, 560 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  28. Dodin DA, Dodina TS, Fridman AI (1987) Fluid regime of magmatism and formation of the Noril’sk region. In: Petrology of fluid-silicate systems. Nauka, Novosibirsk, pp 121–140 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  29. Durocher J (1857) Liquid fractionation. Part I. Ann des Mines, Series 5, 11, pp 217–239Google Scholar
  30. Duzhikov OA, Distler VV, Sherman MK, Sluzhenikin SF (1988) Sulfide copper-nickel ore formation. In: Geology and Metallogeny of Sulfide Deposits of Noril’sk region USSR. Nauka Moscow, pp 77–172 (in Russian) (refer to English translation of 1988 Russian edition by Duzikov OA, Distler VV, Strunin VM, Mkrtychyan AK, Sherman ML, Sluzhenikin SF, Lurje AM. Soc Econ Geol Spec Publ, No. 1, 242 p)Google Scholar
  31. Edwards AV (1942) Differentiation of the dolerites of Tasmania. J Geol 50(6):451–480Google Scholar
  32. Eliseev EN (1959) Geochemistry of the main sulfide copper-nickel provinces of USSR. In: Lazarenko EK (ed) Problems of geochemistry, issue 1. Lviv Univer Pub, Lviv, pp 5–184 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  33. Esin OA, Gel’d PV (1966) Physical chemistry of fire processes. Part II. Metallurgiya, Moscow, 103 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  34. Feoktistov GD (1978) Petrology and conditions for generation of trap sills (ed Zolotukhin VV). Nauka, Novosibirsk, 168 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  35. Feoktistov GD (1984) Computer calculation program for crystallization of silicate melt. Application of mathematical methods in geology and geophysics. Earth’s Crust Institute SB AS USSR Irkutsk, pp 160–178 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  36. Feoktistov GD, Ushchapovskaya ZF, Vasil’ev VK, Lakhno TA, Elizar’eva TI (1975) Mineralogy of traps in the South of the Siberian platform (ed-in-chief Feoktistov GD). Nauka, Novosibirsk, 87 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  37. Fersman AЕ (1940) Pegmatites, vol I. AS USSR, Moscow/Leningrad, 712 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  38. Filippovich VN, Dmitriev DD (1971) Statistic immiscibility model of three-component glasses: Vitreous state (ed Poray-Koshits EA). Nauka, Leningrad, pp 60–62 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  39. Fisher R (1950) Entmichungen in Schmelzen aus Schwermetallxyden, Silikaten und Phospaten, Ihre geochemische end lagerstattenkundliche Bedeutung. Neues Jahrb, fur Min, 81, No 3, pp 315–364Google Scholar
  40. Frenkel MYa, Yaroshevsky АА, Ariskin AA, Barmina GS, Koptev-Dvornikov EV, Kireev BS (1988) Dynamics of interchamber differentiation of mafic magmas (ed-in-chief Frenkel MYa). Nauka, Moscow, 216 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  41. Genkin AD, Distler VV, Gladyshev GD, Filimonova AA, Evstigneeva TL, Kovalenker VA, Laputina IP, Smirnov VA, Grokhovskaya TL (1981) Copper-nickel sulfide ores from Noril’sk ore deposits (ed Shadlun TL). Nauka, Moscow, 234 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  42. Godlevsky MN (1959) Traps and ore-bearing intrusions of the Noril’sk region. Gosgeoltekhizdat, Moscow, 68 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  43. Godlevsky MN (1961) Review of hypotheses concerning origin of sulfide copper-nickel deposits. Trudy, VSEGEI, Leningrad, New Series, issue 45: pp 71–82 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  44. Godlevsky MN (1967) Sources of mineralization associated with traps of the Siberian platform. In: Urvantsev NN (ed) Petrology of traps of Siberian platform. Nedra, Leningrad, pp 173–189 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  45. Godlevsky MN (1968) Magmatic ore deposits. In: Genesis of endogenous ore deposits. Nedra, Moscow, pp 8–73 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  46. Godlevsky MN (1971) The proportions between sulfide and silicate parts in a coarse of evolution of mafic magma. In: Abstracts of I Internat Geochem Congress, vol 1. Moscow, pp 65–77 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  47. Godlevsky MN, Grinenko LN (1963) Some data on sulfur isotope compositions from sulfides of the Noril’sk deposits. Geokhimiya 6:491–499 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  48. Godlevsky MN, Likhachev AP (1977) On perspectives and trends of research and exploration and prospecting works for nickel over East Siberia. Trudy, TSNIGRI, Moscow, issue 127, pp 3–8 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  49. Godlevsky MN, Likhachev AP (1979) Conditions for initiation of crystallization of ore magmas forming copper-nickel deposits. In: Kuznetsov VA (ed) The main parameters of processes of endogenous mineralization, vol 1. Nauka, Novosibirsk, pp 109–118 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  50. Gorbachev NS (1989) Fluid-magmatic interaction in sulfide-silicate systems (ed Zyryanov VN). Nauka, Moscow, 126 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  51. Gorbachev NS, Grinenko LN (1973) Sulfur isotope compositions from sulfides and sulfates of the Oktyabrsky nickel-copper deposits (Noril’sk region) and some aspects of their genesis. Geokhimiya 8:1127–1136 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  52. Gorbunov GI (1968) Geology and genesis of sulfide copper-nickel deposits of Pechenga (ed Smirnov VI). Nedra, Moscow, 352 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  53. Goryainov IN (1969) On genesis of layered intrusions by example of the Talnakh massif. In: Zaridze GM (ed) Magmatism, metamorphism and metasomatism. Central Committee Communist Party of Georgia Pub, Tbilisi, pp 47–61 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  54. Goryainov IN (1971) About genesis of the Talnakh ore deposit. In: Urvantsev NN (ed) Petrology and mineralization of Talnakh and Noril’sk intrusions. Nedra, Leningrad, pp 182–196 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  55. Goryainov IN, Yalovoy AA (1972) Sulfur isotope fractionation of sulfides of the Talnakh ore deposit. In: Urvantsev NN (ed) Copper-nickel ores of the Talnakhsky ore junction. NIIGA, Leningrad, pp 58–62 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  56. Greig JW (1928) On the evidence which has been presented for liquid silicate immiscibility in the laboratory and in the rocks of Agate Point. Am J Sci 215:375–402Google Scholar
  57. Grigor’ev DP (1935) Immiscibility of silicate systems compositionally close to natural rocks. Zapiski VMO 64(1):250–267 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  58. Grigor’ev DP (1946) An Experience in systematics and terminology of elementary processes of magmatic differentiation. In: Honor of Academician DS Belyankin. AS USSR Publ, Moscow, pp 184–188 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  59. Grigor’ev DP, Iskyul EV (1937) Differentiation of some silicate melts as a result of formation of two immiscible liquids. AS USSR, Geol Series 1:77–106 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  60. Grinenko LN (1985) Sources of sulfur of the nickeliferous and barren gabbrodolerites intrusions in the northwest part of the Siberian platform. Geologiya rudnykh mestorozhdeniy 1:3–15 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  61. Grinenko LN (1987) Genetic model of formation of copper-nickel deposits based on isotope-geochemical data. In: Sotnikov VI (ed) Construction of models of ore-forming systems. Nauka, Novosibirsk, pp 119–128 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  62. Grinenko VA, Grinenko LN (1974) Geochemistry of sulfur isotopes (ed Vinogradov AP). Nauka, Moscow, 274 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  63. Grinenko LN, Staritsyna GN, Goryainov IN (1976) Peculiarities of copper-nickel mineralization at the northeast of the Tunguskaya syneclise (based on sulfur isotopic composition of ores and rocks). Geokhimiya 11:1662–1672 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  64. Gulin SA, Sukhov LG (1973) Some remarks on liquation-magmatic hypothesis concerning formation of the Norlsk-type copper-nickel deposits. Sovetskaya Geologiya 2:24–35 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  65. Gulin SA, Sukhov LG (1974) Criteria for prediction of copper-nickel deposits based on their metasomatic origin conceptions. In: Lind EN (ed) The state and trends of investigations into metallogeny of traps. Krasnoyarsk TGU, Krasnoyarsk, pp 67–69 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  66. Gurulev SA (1965) Geology and formation conditions of Yoko-Dovyrensky gabbro-peridotite massif. Nauka, Moscow, 122 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  67. Hill RET, Roeder PL (1967) Stability of spinel in basaltic melts. In: Geological Society of America, annual meeting, Abstract, pp 96–97Google Scholar
  68. Ivanov MK, Ivanova TK, Shatkov VA (1971a) Some facial peculiarities of formation of intrusive and effusive picrites. In: Urvantsev NN (ed) Geology and mineral resources of the Noril’sk region, NIIGA, Leningrad, pp 83–84 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  69. Ivanov MK, Ivanova TK, Tarasov AV, Shatkov VA (1971b) Peculiarities of petrology and mineralization of differentiated intrusions of the Noril’sk ore junction (Noril’sk-I, Noril’sk-II and Mt. Chernaya deposits). In: Urvantsev NN (ed) Petrology and metallogeny of the Talnakh and Noril’sk differentiated intrusions. Nedra, Leningrad, pp 197–304 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  70. Karbyshev VD (1986) A study of rock composition and estimate of metallogeny of the Noril’sk region applying mathematical methods: Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, Institute of Geology and Geophysics SB AS USSR, 17 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  71. Karbyshev VD, Zolotukhin VV (1978) Estimate of self-descriptiveness of characteristic features in prediction of trap intrusion productivity. Nauka, Novosibirsk, 167 p (in Russian). In: Sobolev VS (ed) Criteria for Exploration of the Noril’sk-type Sulfide Ores. Nauka, Novosibirsk, pp 134–149 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  72. Karbyshev VD, Bishaev AA, Zolotukhin VV, Dmitriev AN, Vasil’ev YR, Ryabov VV (1978) Perspectives of metallogeny of differentiated intrusions at the north of the Siberian Platform (on the base of logic-mathematical methods of processing geological information). In: Zolotukhin VV, Vilensky AM (eds) Petrology and perspectives of metallogeny of traps at the north of the Siberian platform. Nauka, Novosibirsk, pp 216–257 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  73. Kavardin GI, Mitenkov GA (1971) Copper-nickel ores of the Talnakh deposit. In: Urvantsev NN (ed) Geology and Metallogeny of the Talnakh and Noril’sk Differentiated Intrusions. Nedra, Leningrad, pp 123–181 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  74. Kavardin GI, Staritsyna GN, Golubkov VS, Goryainov IN, Kravtsova LI (1968) Traps of the Yenisey ore province (ed Urvantsev NN). Nedra, Leningrad, 208 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  75. Kennedy GS (1948) Equilibrium between volatiles and iron oxides in igneous rocks. Am J Sci 246:529–549Google Scholar
  76. Kennedy GC (1955) Some aspects of the role of water in igneous melts. Geol Soc Am Spec Pap 62:489–503Google Scholar
  77. Koptev-Dvornikov EV, Barmina GS, Frenkel MY, Yaroshevsky AA (1976) Geological structure of differentiated trap intrusion at the Velminsky rapid (the Podkamennaya Tunguska River). Vestnik Moskovskokgo Universiteta: Geologiya 4:50–56 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  78. Korovyakov IA (1960) Behavior of nickel in Siberian traps. In: Mineral’noe Syr’e, issue 1. VIMS, Moscow, pp 169–183 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  79. Korovyakov IA, Nelyubin AE, Raikova ZA, Khortova LK (1963) Origin of the Noril’sk trap intrusions hosting sulfide copper-nickel ores. In: Trudy VIMS (ed Gon'shakova VI), New Series, issue 9, Gosgeoltekhizdat, Moscow, 102 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  80. Korzhinsky DS (1973) Metamagmatic processes. Izv Akad Nauk SSSR Geol Ser 12:3–6 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  81. Kotul’sky VK (1948) The state-of-art problem of genesis of copper-nickel sulfide deposits. Sov Geol 29:11–24 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  82. Kovalenker VA, Gladyshev GD, Nosik LP (1974) Isotope composition of sulfur from sulfides from deposits of the Talnakh ore junction with special reference to their selenium content. Izv Akad Nauk SSSR Geol Ser 2:80–91 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  83. Kozlov EK (1973) Natural series of rocks of nickeliferous intrusions and their metallogeny (by example of Kola Peninsula) (ed Ivanova TN). Nauka, Leningrad, 288 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  84. Krivenko AP, Ponomarchuk VA, Skripchenko VA (1984) Distribution of rare-earth elements during immiscible differentiation of mafic melt with high phosphorus content. Doklady Akad Nauk SSSR 275(2):468–471 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  85. Kullerud GA (1962) The Fe–Ni–S system. Year book, vol 62. Carnegie Inst. Washington, Washington, DC, pp 175–179Google Scholar
  86. Kullerud GA, Yoder HS (1965) Sulfide-silicate relation and their bearing on ore formation under magmatic, postmagmatic and metamorphic condition. In: Proceedings of symposium: problems of postmagmatic ore deposition, vol 2, Prague, pp 327–331Google Scholar
  87. Kutolin VA (1972) Problems of petrochemistry and petrology of basalts (ed Kuznetsov YuA). Nauka, Moscow, 208 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  88. Kuz’min VK, Tuganova EV (1977) New data on the isotopic composition of the sulfur in the copper–nickel sulfide ores of the northwestern part of the Siberian platform. Sov Geol Geophys 18(4):98–100 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  89. Lebedev AP (1955) Trap formation of the central part of the Tunguska basin. AS USSR, Moscow, 197 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  90. Lebedev AP (1957) On differentiation types in traps of the Siberian platform. Izv Akad Nauk SSSR Geol Ser 2:55–74 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  91. Lebedev AP (1958) Problems of study of basalt magma. Izv Akad Nauk SSSR Geol Ser 12:30–45 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  92. Letnikov FA, Feoktistov GD, Vilor NV, Grudinin MI, Gantimurova TP, Gantimurov AA, Dorogokupets PI, Zhatnuev NS, Menaker IG, Men’shagin YV, Savel’eva VB, Bal’shev SO (1988) Petrology and fluid regime of continental lithosphere (ed Karpov IK). Nauka, Novosibirsk, 185 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  93. Likhachev AP (1965) Role of leucocratic gabbro in the generation of Noril’sk differentiated intrusions. Izv Akad Nauk SSSR Geol Ser 10:75–89 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  94. Likhachev AP (1975) On generation of Bushveld intrusive complex and related ore deposits. Izv Akad Nauk SSSR Geol Ser 12:50–66 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  95. Likhachev AP (1977) On crystallization conditions of trap magmas of the northwestern Siberian platform. Zapiski VMO 5:594–606 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  96. Likhachev AP (1978) On conditions of generation of ore-bearing and barren mafic-ultramafic magmas. Doklady Akad Nauk SSSR 238(2):447–450 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  97. Likhachev AP (1988) Genetic models of sulfide-nikeliferous formations and their relation to other endogenous formations. In: Obolensky AA, Sotnikov VI, Sharapov VN (eds) Ore formation and genetic models of endogenous ore formations. Nauka, Novosibirsk, pp 158–165 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  98. Likhachev AP (2006) Platinum-copper-nickel and platinum deposits. Eslan, Moscow, p 496 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  99. Likhachev AP, Strizhev VP (1974) About a change of sulfur isotope composition in sulfide ores of copper-nickel deposits of the Siberian platform. Zapiski VMO 103(3):305–313 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  100. Loewinson-Lessing FYu (1933) Petrography. ONTI, Moscow, 462 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  101. Loewinson-Lessing, FYu (1935) Four coryphaei of petrography: Washington, Dupark, Sederholm, and Vogt. Izv Akad Nauk SSSR, Series VII, No. 3 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  102. Loewinson-Lessing FYu, Struve EA (1963) Petrographic dictionary (eds Afanas’ev GD, Petrov VP, Ustiev EK). Gosnauchtekhizdat, 3rd edn. Moscow, 447 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  103. Lurje ML, Masaitis VL, Polunina LA (1962) Intrusive traps of the western margin of the Siberian platform. In: Afanas’ev GD (ed) The petrography of the Eastern Siberia, vol 1. AS USSR, Moscow, pp 5–70 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  104. Lurje ML, Ledneva VP, Selivanovskaya TV, Semenov LS, Tuganova EV, Ryabchenko AA, Komarova MZ, Staritsyna GN, Tomanovskaya YuI (1976) Structures of traps of the Siberian platform (ed ML Lurje). Trudy VSEGEI, New Series, vol 235. Nedra, Leningrad, 171 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  105. Lyul’ko VA, Nesterovsky VS, Goverdovskaya TG (1972) Magmatogenic breccias of nickeliferous trap intrusions. In: Urvantsev NN (ed) Copper-nickel ores of the Talnakh ore junction. Nedra, Leningrad, pp 123–127 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  106. MacLean WN (1969) Liquidus phase relations in the FeS–FeO–Fe3O4–SiO2 system and their application in geology. Econ Geol 64:865–884Google Scholar
  107. MacLean WN, Shimazaki H (1976) The partitioning of Co, Ni, Cu and Zn between sulfide and silicate liquids. Econ Geol 71:1049–1057Google Scholar
  108. Malich NS, Staritskiy YG, Tuganova EV (1965) Regularities in distribution of nickeliferous trap intrusions of the Siberian platform. VIEMS, Moscow, 23 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  109. Malich NS, Masaitis VL, Surkov VS (eds) (1987) Geological structure of USSR and regularities in distribution of mineral resources, vol 4 (Siberian platform). Nedra, Leningrad, 448 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  110. Marakushev AA (ed) (1976) Petrography: Part I. Moscow Univ Pub, Moscow, 384 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  111. Marakushev AA (1978) Some aspects of petrogenesis in the light of the theory of fluid-magma interaction. In: Kuznetsov VA (ed) Problems of petrology of Earth’s crust and upper mantle. Nauka, Novosibirsk, pp 65–83 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  112. Marakushev AA (1979) Petrogenesis and ore formation (geochemical aspects (ed Korzhinsky DS)). Nauka, Moscow, 261 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  113. Marakushev AA (ed) (1981) Petrography: Part II. Moscow Univ Pub, Moscow, 328 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  114. Marakushev AA, Perchyuk LL (1974) Thermodynamic model of the Earth’s fluid regime. Ocherki Fisiko-khimicheskoy petrologii, issue 4. Nauka, Moscow, pp 102–130 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  115. Marakushev AA, Fenogenov AN, Emel’yanenko PF, Duzhikov OA, Skripnichenko VA (1982) Genesis of the Noril’sk-type layered intrusions. Vestnik MGU, Geol Ser 1:3–19 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  116. Masaitis VL (1958) Petrology of the Alamdzhakh trap intrusion (the Vilyuy River basin) (ed Lurje ML). Trudy VSEGEI Leningrad, New Series, No 22, 133 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  117. Masaitis VL (1973) Mafic magmatic formations of the Siberian platform. In: Problems of magmatic geology. Nauka, Novosibirsk, pp 159–171 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  118. Masaitis VL (1974) Magmatic formations. In: Malich NS, Masaitis VL, Staritsky YuG (eds) Geological formations of Pre-Cenozoic cover of the Siberian platform and their metallogeny. Nedra, Leningrad, pp 125–144 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  119. McBirney AR, Nakamura Y (1974) Immiscibility in late-stage magmas of the Skaergaard intrusion. In: Carnegie Institution Washington, Yearbook 73, pp 348–352Google Scholar
  120. Mitenkov GA, Khineiko AL, Sishkin NN (1977) Peculiarities of the taxitic horizon structure of the Talnakh ore-hosting intrusion and their genetic significance. Doklady Akad Nauk SSSR 237(1):191–194 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  121. Morse SA, Lindsley DH, Williams RJ (1980) Concerning intensive parameters in the Skaergaard intrusion. Amer J Sci 280A:159–170Google Scholar
  122. Muan A (1955) Phase equilibria in system FeO–Fe2O3–SiO2. Trans AIME 203:965–976Google Scholar
  123. Muan A (1983) Crystallization in silicate systems. In: Yoder HS Jr (ed) The evolution of igneous rocks: fiftieth anniversary perspectives. Princeton University Press, PrincetonGoogle Scholar
  124. Mutanen T (1957) Emaksiseen magmatismiin liittjvasulfidimimuodostus. Eripainos Geologi–Lehdesta 2:89–105Google Scholar
  125. Naldrett AJ (1969) A portion of the system Fe–S–O and its application to sulfide ore magmas. J Petrol 10:171–201Google Scholar
  126. Naldrett AJ (2004) Magmatic Sulfide deposits: Geology, Geochemistry and Exploration. Springer, Berlin/Heidelberg/New York, 727 pGoogle Scholar
  127. Naldrett AJ, Cabri LJ (1976) Ultramafic and related mafic rocks: Their classification and genesis with special reference to the concentration of nickel sulfides and platinum-group elements. Econ Geol 71:1131–1158Google Scholar
  128. Naldrett AJ, Duke JM, Lightfoot PC, Thompson JFH (1984) Quantitative modeling of the segregation of magmatic sulfides: an exploration guide. CIM Bull 77(864):46–56Google Scholar
  129. Naslund HR (1983) The effect of oxygen fugacity on liquid immiscibility in iron-bearing silicate melts. Am J Sci 282(10):1034–1059Google Scholar
  130. Natan HD, Van Kirck CK (1978) Model of magmatic crystallization. J Petrol 19(1):66–94Google Scholar
  131. Natorkhin IA, Arkhipova AI, Batuev BN (1977) Petrology of Talnakh intrusions (ed Egorov LS). Nedra, Leningrad, 236 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  132. Nekrasov IY, Gorbachev NS (1978) Physical-chemical conditions of formation of the Noril’sk-type differentiated intrusions and copper-nickel ores. Ocherki fisiko-khimicheskoy petrologii 7:92–123 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  133. Nesterenko GV, Almukhamedov AI (1973) Geochemistry of differentiated traps (Siberian platform) (ed Shcherbina VV). Nauka, Moscow, 198 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  134. Newhouse WH (1927) The equilibrium diagram of pyrrhotite and pentlandite and their relations in natural occurrences. Econ Geol vol 22:288–299Google Scholar
  135. Niggli P (1920) Volatile components in magma. Preisschriften der Furstlich Jablonwkischen Gesellschaft, Leipzig, 272 p (in German)Google Scholar
  136. Nikol’sky NS (1978) Thermodynamics of mineral equilibria of basites (ed Govorov IN). Nauka, Moscow, 177 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  137. Nitsan U (1974) Stability field with respect to oxidation and reduction. J Geophys Res 79(5):706–711Google Scholar
  138. Ohmoto X, Rye RO (1979) Sulfur and carbon isotopes: geochemistry of hydrothermal ore deposits. A Wiley-Interscience, New York, pp 405–450Google Scholar
  139. Oleinikov BV (1979) Geochemistry and ore genesis of platform basites (ed Bazhenov AI). Nauka, Novosibirsk, 264 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  140. Oleinikov BV (1981) Metallization of magmatic melts and its petrological and ore genetic consequences. In: Koval'sky VV (ed) Abstracts of native mineral formation in magmatic process. Yakutsk, pp 5–11 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  141. Oleinikov BV, Tomshin MD (1976) Deep magma differentiation of platform basites. Doklady Akad Nauk SSSR 231(1):177–180 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  142. Olshansky YI (1948) About significant flowability of sulfide melts and probable geological significance of this phenomenon. Doklady Akad Nauk USSR 63(2):187–190 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  143. Olshansky YI (1951) The Fe–FeS–FeO–SiO2 system. Izv Akad Nauk SSSR, Geol Ser 6:128–176Google Scholar
  144. Osborn EF (1959) Role of oxygen pressure in the crystallization of basaltic magma. Am J Sci 257:609–647Google Scholar
  145. Osborn EF (1964) Experimental study of oxygen pressure, water content and crystallization sequence of basalts and andesites. In: Chemistry of Earth’s crust, vol II. Nauka, Moscow, pp 75–87 (Russian translation)Google Scholar
  146. Osborn EF (1979) The reaction principle. In: Yoder HH (ed) Evolution of igneous rocks. Princeton Univ Press, PrincetonGoogle Scholar
  147. Ovchinnikov LN, Ryabova TV (1975) Statistical study of variations in sulfur isotope content. Geologiya rudnykh mestorozhdeniy 17(6):3–19 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  148. Ovchinnikov LN, Ryabova TV (1977) On application of sulfur isotope analysis in geological investigations. Geologiya rudnykh mestorozhdeniy 19(4):135–140 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  149. Pankov VYu (1983) Microimmiscibility in melted inclusions in olivine. In: Lazebnik KA (ed) Bull NTI, Yakutsk Affiliated Branch SB RAS SSSR, pp 25–28 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  150. Pankov VYu (1986) Early magmatic evolution of tholeiite-basalt melt on evidence derived from study of inclusions in mafic minerals of the Siberian platform. Unpublished PhD thesis, TGU of Tomsk, 17 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  151. Pavlov AL (1983) Genesis of magmatic magnetite deposits (ed Sharapov VN). Nauka, Novosibirsk, 220 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  152. Petrenko GV, Arutyunyan LA, Zhangurov AA, Mityunin YK, Predovsky AA (1974) About possibility of nickel removal from olivinites under hydrothermal conditions. Geokhimiya 8:1185–1192 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  153. Philpotts AR (1982) Compositions of immiscible liquids in volcanic rocks. Contr Miner Petrol 80(3):201–218Google Scholar
  154. Reverdatto VV (1963) Petrology of Anakitsky differentiated trap massif and its structure. Geologiya i geofisika 10:79–92 (in Russin)Google Scholar
  155. Roedder E (1951) Low-temperature liquid iimiscibility in the syatem K2O–FeO–A2O3–SiO2. Am Mineral 36:282–286Google Scholar
  156. Roedder E (1979) Silicate liquid immiscibility in magmas. In: Jr Yoder HS (ed) The evolution of Igneous magmas. Princeton Univ Press, Princeton, NJ, pp 15–57Google Scholar
  157. Roedder E, Weiblen PW (1971) Petrology of silicate melt inclusions, Apollo 11 and Apollo 12 and terrestrial equivalents. In: Proceedings of the second lunar science conference, vol 1, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, pp 507–528Google Scholar
  158. Roeder PL, Emslie RF (1970) Olivine-liquid equilibrium. Contr Mineral Petrol 29:275–289Google Scholar
  159. Roeder PL, Osborn EF (1966) Experimental data for in the system MgO–FeO–Fe2O3–CaAl2Si2O8–SiO2 and their petrological implication. Am J Sci 264(6):428–480Google Scholar
  160. Rogover GB (1959) The Noril’sk-I deposit. Gosgeoltekhizdat, 168 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  161. Rosenbush H (1887) Mikroskopishe Physiographie der massigen Geisteine (1887), vol 2, 2nd edn. E Schwezerbart’sche Verlagshandlung, Stuttgart, p 877Google Scholar
  162. Ryabov VV (1969) About origin of taxitic gabbrodolerites, leucocratic gabbro, and magmatic breccia in the Kharaelakhsky branch of the Talnakh intrusion. Geologiya i Geofisika 2:51–58 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  163. Ryabov VV (1983) Compositional peculiarities of endocontact zones of Noril’sk intrusions. In: Trap magmatism of the Siberian platform in connection with tectonics and exploration of mineral resources. Krasnoyarsk, pp 186–188 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  164. Ryabov VV (1984a) On composition of upper contact zones of Noril’sk intrusions hosting chromite-rich mineralization. In: Polyakov GV (ed) Petrochemistry: criteria for mineralzation of magmatic complexes. IGG SB AS USSR, Novosibirsk, pp 124–142 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  165. Ryabov VV (1984b) Peculiarities of mineralogy of magnesian basites in the Noril’sk region. In: Sobolev VS (ed-in-chief) Magnesian basites of the western Siberian platform and aspects of their nickel content. Nauka, Novosibirsk, pp 150–158 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  166. Ryabov VV (1985) Peculiarities of native mineral formation at the roof of chambers of trap intrusion. In: Oleinikov BV (ed) Formation of native elements under endogenous conditions (abstracts). Yakutsk, pp 18–21 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  167. Ryabov VV (1988a) Immiscible differentiation in traps. In: Goncharenko AI (ed) Actual problems of Siberian geology, TGU, Tomsk, vol 1. pp 132–134 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  168. Ryabov VV. (1988b) Immiscible liquid in traps of Siberian platform. In: 2nd International Conference on Natural Glasses, Prague, 21–25 September 1987, pp 401–405Google Scholar
  169. Ryabov VV (1989a) Genetic types of high-magnesian traps. In: Oleinikov BV (ed) Mafic magmatism of the Siberian platform and its metallogeny. Yakutsk, pp 78–79 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  170. Ryabov VV (1989b) Chemical composition of immiscible liquids in natural glasses from traps. Geologiya i Geofisika 11:69–78 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  171. Ryabov VV (1989c) Immiscibility in natural glasses (by example of traps) (ed Zolotukhin VV). Nauka, Novosibirsk, 223 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  172. Ryabov VV, Pavlov AL (1984) Physicochemical principles of the formation of magnesial scarn paragenesis in chambers of stratified intrusives of Noril’sk type. Sov Geol Geophys 25(3):51–56Google Scholar
  173. Ryabov VV, Yakobi NYa (1981) Behavior of chrome during differentiation of trap magma. In: Sobolev VS (ed) Problems of genetic petrology. Nauka, Novosibirsk, pp 85–111 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  174. Ryabov VV, Zolotukhin VV (1977) Minerals of differentiated traps (ed Sobolev VS). Nauka, Novosibirsk, 392 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  175. Ryabov VV, Zolotukhin VV (1978) Composition of rock-forming minerals of traps as an indicator of important petrologic processes. In: Abstracts of XI Congress of Internat Mineralogical Assoc, vol 1. Novosibirsk, pp 51–53 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  176. Ryabov VV, Konenko VF, Khmel’nikova OS (1985a) Rock-forming minerals of picritic basalts of the Noril’sk region. Sov Geol Geophys 26(4):77–84Google Scholar
  177. Ryabov VV, Konenko VF, Krasov NF (1985b) Immiscibility phenomena in glasses from ores of native iron of Khungtukun intrusion. Doklady Akad Nauk SSSR 285(4):982–987 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  178. Ryabov VV, Pavlov AL, Lopatin GG (1985c) Native iron of Siberian traps (ed Zolotukhin VV). Nauka, Novosibirsk, 169 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  179. Scoon RN, Mitchell AA (1994) Discordant iron-rich ultramafic pegmatites in the Bushveld Complex and their relationship to iron-rich intercumulus and residual liquids. J Petrol 35:881–917Google Scholar
  180. Shannon EV (1924) The mineralogy and petrology of intrusive Triassic diabase at Goose Creek Loundoun Country, Virginia. Proc US Natl Mus 66(art 2):1–84Google Scholar
  181. Sharapov VN, Cherepanov AN (1986) Dynamics of magma differentiation (eds Polyakov GV, Kirdyashkin AG). Nauka, Novosibirsk, 186 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  182. Sharkov EV (1980) Petrology of layered intrusions (ed Shurkin KA). Nauka, Leningrad, 183 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  183. Shimazaki H, Clark LA (1973) Liquid relations in the FeS–Feo–SiO2–Na2O system and geological implications. Econ Geol 68:79–96Google Scholar
  184. Skinner BJ, Peck DL (I969) An immiscible sulfide melt from Hawaii. Econ Geol Monogr 4(3):10–32Google Scholar
  185. Smirnov MF (1966) Structure of the Noril’sk nickeliferous intrusions and sulfide ores. Nedra, Moscow, 58 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  186. Sobolev VS (1986) Petrology of traps: Izbrannye trudy. Nauka, Novosibirsk, 209 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  187. Sobolev VS, Kostyuk VP (eds) (1975) Magmatogene crystallization from data of study of fluid inclusions in melts. Nauka, Novosibirsk, 232 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  188. Staritsyna GN, Tolmachevsky YN, Kravtsova LI (1972) Intrusive traps of the northeastern side of the Tungusskaya sineclise (ed Egorov LS). Nedra, Leningrad, 210 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  189. Stepanov VK (1975) Rock-forming minerals of the Talnakh intrusion and analysis of their paragenesises with development of criteria of mineralization. Unpublished PhD thesis, Moscow, 25 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  190. Stepanov VK (1977) Olivines and hypersthenes of the Talnakh intrusion. In: Geology, petrology and geochemistry of copper-nickel deposits. Trudy TSNIGRI, vol 127. TSNIGRI, Moscow, pp 17–34 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  191. Stepanov VK (1981) Dynamic model of emplacement, crystallization and mineralization of the Noril’sk ore-hosting intrusions. In: Genesis and localization conditions of copper-nickel mineralization. Trudy TSNIGRI vol 162. TSNIGRI, Moscow, pp 13–19 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  192. Sukhov LG (1985) Petrochemical criteria for quantitative predictive estimate of nickel content of trap formations. In: Polyakov GV(ed) Petrochemistry, genesis and metallogeny of magmatic formations of Siberia. Nauka, Novosibirsk, pp 209–216 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  193. Tarasov AV (1976) On formation mechanisms of the Noril’sk intrusions and related sulfide bodies. In: Pospelov GL (ed) Replacement and intrusion during magmatism and ore formation. Nauka, Novosibirsk, pp 123–276, in RussianGoogle Scholar
  194. Tikhonenkov PI, Nesternko GV, Naumov VB (1985) Specific character of immiscibility of flood basalts of the Siberian platform. In: Abstracts of VII All-Union conference: thermometry and geochemistry of fluid ore formation. Lviv, pp 140–141 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  195. Tomkeieff SJ (1939) A Contribution to Petrology of the Whin Sill. Min Mag 22:100–120Google Scholar
  196. Tuganova EV (1988) Petrological peculiarities of formation of Noril’sk-type nickeliferous intrusions. In: Mitrofanov FP, Gorbunov GI (eds) Presence of nickel in mafic-ultramafic complexes. Apatites, pp 36–40 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  197. Urvantsev NN (1970) Geologic-tectonic peculiarities of generation of Noril’sk copper-nickel ores. Uchenye Zapiski NIIGA, Regional’naya Geologiya, issue 18. pp 39–55 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  198. Uspensky NM (1968) Nongranitic pegmatites. Nedra, Moscow, 344 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  199. Varshall BG (1981) Chemical aspects of liquation phenomena and silicate and alumosilicate melts. In: Studies of structure of magmatic melts. UNTs AS SSSR, Sverdlovsk, pp 41–51Google Scholar
  200. Vilensky AM (1967) Petrology of intrusive traps at the north of the Siberian platform (ed Lebedev AP). Nauka, Moscow, 270 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  201. Vilensky AM (1978a) Intrusive magmatism. In: Zolotukhin VV, Vilensky AM (eds) Petrology and perspectives of metallogeny of traps at the north of the Siberian platform. Nauka, Novosibirsk, pp 61–121 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  202. Vilensky AM (1978b) Peculiarities of interchamber differentiation of trap intrusions and some general features of magmatism of the Noril’sk region. In: Sobolev VS (ed) Criteria for Exploration of the Noril’sk-type sulfide ores. Nauka, Novosibirsk, pp 30–44 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  203. Vilensky AM, Oleinikov BV (1970) The main factors of diversity and aspects of classification of Siberian platform traps. In: Vilensky AM (ed) Geology and petrology of intrusive traps of the Siberian platform. Nauka, Moscow, pp 5–25 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  204. Vilensky AM, Kavardin GI, Kravtsova LI, Staritsina GN (1964) Petrology of trap intrusions on the right-bank of the Yenisey River lower reach (ed Kazakov AN). Nauka, Moscow, 237 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  205. Vogt JHL (1923) Nickel in igneous rocks. Econ Geol 18(4):307–353Google Scholar
  206. Vorontsov AE, Razvozzhaeva EA, Syngaevskiy ED, Khlebnikova AA (1986) Geochemical investigation of carbonaceous matters from diatremes of the Siberian platform. Geokhimiya 2:226–235 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  207. Vortsepnev VV (1978) Conditions of formation of the Talnakh ore-bearing intrusion on the base of data on inclusions. Geologiya rudnykh mestorozhdeniy 2:64–70 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  208. Wager LR, Brown GM (1968) Layered igneous rocks. Oliver and Boyd, Edinburgh/London, 588 pGoogle Scholar
  209. Wager LR, Deer WA (1939) Geological investigations in East Greenland. Part III. The petrology of the Skaergaard Intrusion, Kangerdlugssuaq East Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland 105(4), 352 pGoogle Scholar
  210. Walker F, Poldervaart A (1949) Karoo dolerites of the Union of South Africa. Geol Soc Am Bull 60(4):591–706Google Scholar
  211. Warren BE, Pinkus AG (1940) Atomic consideration of immiscibility in glass systems. J Am Ceram 23(10):301–304Google Scholar
  212. Watson TB (1976) Two-liquid partition coefficients, experimental data and geochemical implications. Contr Mineral Petrol 56:119–134Google Scholar
  213. Yazawa A, Kameda M (1953) Fundamental studies on copper smelting I Partial liquidus diagram for FeS-FeO-SiO2 system. Tech Rep Tohoku Univ 18:40–58Google Scholar
  214. Yoder HS Jr, Tilley CE (1962) Origin of basalt magmas: An experimental study of natural and synthetic rock systems. J Petrol 3:342–532Google Scholar
  215. Zavaritsky AN (1947) On pegmatites as transitional rocks between igneous rocks and veins. Zap VMO 76:36–50 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  216. Zavaritsky AN, Sobolev VS (1961) Physical-chemical grounds of petrography of igneous rocks. Gosgeolteckhizdat, Moscow, 383 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  217. Zharikov VA (1976) Grounds of physical-chemical petrology. Moscow Univ Pub, Moscow, 420 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  218. Zharikov VA, Gorbachev NS, Ishbulatov RA (1986) Fluid-magmatic differentiation of mafic magamas. Sov Geol Grophys 27(7):25–29Google Scholar
  219. Zolotukhin VV (1964) Main regularities of prototectonics and aspects of origin of ore-bearing trap intrusions (ed Sobolev VS). Nauka, Moscow, 192 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  220. Zolotukhin VV (1965) On peculiarities in distribution of nickel in the Norilsk-I intrusion. Doklady Akad Nauk SSSR 162(6):1390–1393 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  221. Zolotukhin VV (1971) On genesis of so called “liquation” of copper-nickel ores in the light of new data (about infiltration-autometasomatic hypothesis). Geologiya i Geofisika 9:12–22 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  222. Zolotukhin VV (1978a) Differentiated ore-bearing trap intrusions of the Noril’sk and adjacent regions. In: Zolotukhin VV, Vilensky AM (eds) Petrology and perspectives of metallogeny of traps at the north of the Siberian platform. Nauka, Novosibirsk, pp 121–160 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  223. Zolotukhin VV (1978b) Taxitic rocks and gabbro as an important criterion of metallogeny of differentiated trap intrusions. In: Sobolev VS (ed) Criteria for Exploration of the Noril’sk-type Sulfide Ores. Nauka, Novosibirsk, pp 52–64 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  224. Zolotukhin VV (1979) The problem of genesis of sulfide-nickel mineralization in mafic-ultramafic complexes. In: Genesis of mineralization in basites and ultrabasites. Sverdlovsk, pp 48–57 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  225. Zolotukhin VV (1981) On genesis of magnesian traps and their metallogeny on the Siberian platform. In: Aspects of genetic petrology, Nauka, Novosibirsk, pp 21–39 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  226. Zolotukhin VV (1982) On the process of magma differentiation in certain intrusives of the Noril’sk-type. Sov Geol Geophys 23(6):47–54Google Scholar
  227. Zolotukhin VV (1984a) Petrology of magnesian basites of the Tunguska (Middle Yenisei) province. In: Sobolev VS (ed-in-chief) Magnesian basites of the western Siberian platform and aspects of their nickel content. Nauka, Novosibirsk, pp 48–149 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  228. Zolotukhin VV (1984b) Magnesian basites and sulfide mineralization. In: Sobolev VS (ed-in-chief) Magnesian basites of the western Siberian platform and aspects of their nickel content. Nauka, Novosibirsk, pp 176–200 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  229. Zolotukhin VV (1988) A generalized model of sulfide copper-nickel ore formation as a process of sulfurization. In: Obolensky AA, Sotnikov VI, Sharapov VN (eds) Mineralization and genetic models of endogenous ore formations. Nauka, Novosibirsk, pp 172–181 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  230. Zolotukhin VV (1997) Mafic pegmatoids of the Noril’sk ore-bearing intrusions and the problem of genesis of the Platinum-copper-nickel mineralization of the Noril’sk type (ed Polyakov GV). SB RAN NITS OIGGM, Novosibirsk, 88 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  231. Zolotukhin VV, Laguta ON (1985) On fractionation of magnesian mafic melts and diversification of traps in the Siberian platform. Doklady AN USSR 280(4):967–972 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  232. Zolotukhin VV, Podgornykh NM (1998) On probable overheat of Permo-Triassic trap melts of the Siberian platform. Doklady Akad Nauk SSSR 363(2):226–229 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  233. Zolotukhin VV, Ryabov VV (1977) Problems of genesis of sulfide copper-nickel ores and principal parameters of the process. In: Kuznetsov VA, Berzina AP (eds) Principal parameters of processes of endogenous ore formation, vol 1. Nauka, Novosibirsk, pp 50–53 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  234. Zolotukhin VV, Shchedrin NF (1977) Differentiated intrusions of the Imangdinsky ore junction (ed Sobolev VS). Nauka, Novosibirsk, 135 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  235. Zolotukhin VV, Vasil’ev YR (1967) Peculiarities of formation mechanism of ore-bearing trap intrusions at the northwest of Siberian platform (ed Sobolev VS). Nauka, Moscow, 231 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  236. Zolotukhin VV, Vasil’ev YR (1975) Problems of platform magmatism: the depths of the magma chambers in the upper mantle and their part in creating the variety of igneous rocks. Sov Geol Geophys 16(2):1–6Google Scholar
  237. Zolotukhin VV, Vasil’ev YR (1976) Problems of platform magmatism. Article 2: Differentiation as a cause of the diversity of magmas. Sov Geol Geophys 17(4):45–52Google Scholar
  238. Zolotukhin VV, Ryabov VV, Vasil’ev YR, Shatkov VA (1975) Petrology of the Talnakh ore-bearing differentiated intrusion (ed Sobolev VS). Nauka, Novosibirsk, 432 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  239. Zolotukhin VV, Vilensky AM, Duzhikov OA (1986) Basalts of the Siberian platform (eds Sobolev VS, Sobolev NV). Nauka, Novosibirsk, 255 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  240. Zolotukhin VV, Kovyazin SV, Shcherbakova ZV, Vasil’ev YuR (1988) Features, composition and temperatures of hypogene mafic and ultramafic melts in the Siberian Platform. In: Mineral formation and ore genesis, Naukova Dumka, Kiev, pp 20–28 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  241. Zotov IA (1979) Genesis of trap intrusions and metamorphic formations of the Talnakh (ed Korzhinsky DS). Nauka, Moscow, 155 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  242. Zotov IA (1982) Transmagmatic fluids in geology. Priroda 7:45–56 (in Russian)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. V. Ryabov
    • 1
  • A. Ya. Shevko
    • 1
  • M. P. Gora
    • 1
  1. 1.Russian Academy of Sciences Institute of Geology and Mineralogy SB RASNovosibirskRussia

Personalised recommendations