Principal Issues Surrounding Trap Magmatism of the Siberian Platform

  • V. V. Ryabov
  • A. Ya. Shevko
  • M. P. Gora
Part of the Modern Approaches in Solid Earth Sciences book series (MASE, volume 3)


The Noril’sk region has a special place in the basalt field of the Siberian Platform. It is characterized by a complex geodynamic environment, the most entire sequence of the volcanogenic succession, great variety of hypabyssal intrusions of varying composition, and with different degree of differentiation. In this region, the Noril’sky-type layered intrusions and related largest sulfide Pt–Cu–Ni and Pt low-sulfide deposits such as the Oktyabrsky, Talnakh, and Noril’sk-I are located. Geological investigations in the region are carried out over many decades, but in spite of this, the main problems related to the origin of the volcanogenic succession, layered intrusions, and ore deposits are still relevant. In Sect. 1.1, features of geological setting and magmatism in the northwest of the Siberian Platform are described. A great deal of attention is drawn to the problems of Trap magmatism and ore formation. In Sect. 1.2, the present notions of geologists about the composition of parental magma of Siberian Traps, their chamber differentiation, and the origin of high-magnesian Traps, pegmatoids, and sulfide ores of the Noril’sk deposits are considered. In connection with these matters, a short review of the published experimental data in the field of differentiation and crystallization of silicate and ore liquids, as well as petrogenesis and ore formation that form the basis for genetic models, is given.


Fractional Crystallization Basaltic Magma Parental Magma Siberian Platform Liquid Immiscibility 
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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. V. Ryabov
    • 1
  • A. Ya. Shevko
    • 1
  • M. P. Gora
    • 1
  1. 1.Russian Academy of Sciences Institute of Geology and Mineralogy SB RASNovosibirskRussia

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