Advertisement

Reconciling Republican ‘Egalité’ and Global Excellence Values in French Higher Education

  • Leon Cremonini
  • Paul Benneworth
  • Hugh Dauncey
  • Don F. Westerheijden
Part of the The Changing Academy – The Changing Academic Profession in International Comparative Perspective book series (CHAC, volume 6)

Abstract

Building prestigious higher education is today one of the main drivers of public policy. Many governments have initiated policies to support or create élite universities in the belief that they will boost their system’s prestige in the world. Despite the assumption that all countries will make similar world-class university policy choices, a growing body of criticism points out that élite universities are in fact an ideal type drawn from a narrow pool, Anglo-American in nature, and currently dominant. By examining how a system with different public norms and values managed excellence policies, the chapter considers how the idea of ‘world-class university’ might be generalised. The chapter looks at excellence initiatives in France to explore (a) how world-class university policies are introduced in a system with values which contradict those embodied by today’s prevailing notion of global excellence and (b) whether these initiatives benefit the system as a whole.

Keywords

High Education High Education System Private Benefit Foreign Student Public Benefit 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. AERES. (2010). Analyses régionales des évaluations réalisées entre 2007 et 2010. Paris: Agence d’évaluation de la recherche et de l’enseignement supérieur.Google Scholar
  2. Altbach, P. G., & Balán, J. (Eds.). (2007). World class worldwide. Transforming research universities in Asia and Latin America. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Aust, J., Crespy, C., Manifet, C., Musselin, C., & Soldano, C. (2008). Rapprocher, integrer, differencier. Elements sur la mise en place de poles de recherche et d’enseignement superieur [Bringing closer, integrating, differentiating. Elements on the establishment of centers of research and higher education]. Paris: Inter-Ministry Delegation.Google Scholar
  4. Beaupère, N., & Boudesseul, G. (2009). Sortir sans diplôme de l’Université: Comprendre les parcours d’étudiants “décrocheurs”. Ouvrage réalisé à l’initiative de l’Observatoire de la Vie étudiante (OVE), Paris: La documentation Française.Google Scholar
  5. Bergan, S., Guarga, R., Polak, E. E., Sobrinho, J. D., Tandon, R., & Tilak, J. B. G. (2009). Public responsibility for higher education. Paris: UNESCO. http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0018/001832/183238e.pdf. Accessed 15 Oct 2011.
  6. Borne, D. (2007). ‘Le Mérite’ special number of Les Cahiers français on ‘Les ‘Valeurs de la République’, 336(January–February), 70–76.Google Scholar
  7. Bourdieu, P., & Passeron, C. (1979). The inheritors: French students and their relation to culture. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  8. Chapoulie, J. M., Fridenson, P., & Prost, A. (2010). Jalons pour une histoire sociale de la science et des établissements d’enseignement supérieur en France depuis 1945. Le Mouvement Social, 233(4), 3–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Damme, D. V. (2011, March 11). Autonomy and connectedness: New challenges for higher education governance. Paper presented at CHEPS 25th Lustrum conference.Google Scholar
  10. Davesne, S. (2007). L’Etat vend 3 % d’EDF pour construire des campus [The state sells 3% of EDF to build campuses]. L’Usine nouvelle, 30(November). http://www.usinenouvelle.com/article/l-etat-vend-3-d-edf-pour-construire-des-campus.124440. Accessed 15 Oct 2011.
  11. Department for Innovation, University and Skills (DIUS). (2003). The future of higher education. http://www.dius.gov.uk/assets/biscore/corporate/migratedd/publications/f/future_of_he.pdf. Accessed 15 Oct 2011.
  12. Department of Employment and Learning of Northern Ireland (DELNI). (2010). Website. http://www.delni.gov.uk/index/further-and-higher-education/higher-education/role-structure-he-division/knowledge-transfer.htm. Accessed 15 Oct 2011.
  13. Department of Innovation, Industry, Science and Research of Australia (DIISR). (2009). Powering ideas. An innovation agenda for the 21st century. http://www.innovation.gov.au/innovationreview/Documents/PoweringIdeas_fullreport.pdf. Accessed 15 Oct 2011.
  14. Grove, J. (2011, September 15). Science Po proves critics of priority scheme wrong. Times Higher Education. http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/story.asp?sectioncode=26%26;storycode=417405%26;c=1. Accessed 15 Oct 2011.
  15. Harfi, M., & Mathieu, C. (2006). Classement de Shanghai et image internationale des universités: quels enjeux pour la France? Horizons stratégiques, 2, 1–16.Google Scholar
  16. Hazelkorn, E. (2011). Rankings and the reshaping of higher education: The battle for world-class excellence. London: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Head, S. K. (2011, September 25). Conference looks at ‘Stepford Universities’. University World News. http://www.universityworldnews.com/article.php%3Fstory=20110923213109807. Accessed 15 Oct 2011.
  18. Hoareau, C. (2011). Globalisation and dual modes of higher education policymaking in France: je t’aime moi non plus. CSHE University of California, Berkeley Research and occasional paper series CSHE 2.11. http://cshe.berkeley.edu/publications/publications.php%3Fid=376. Accessed 15 Oct 2011.
  19. Huet, S. (2011, January 31). Saclay, le plateau de la discorde [Saclay, the plateau of discord]. Libération. http://www.liberation.fr/societe/01012316920-saclay-le-plateau-de-la-discorde. Accessed 15 Oct 2011.
  20. IGAENR (2007). La mise en place des pôles de recherche et d’enseignement supérieur (PRES) (Report No. 79/ 2007). Paris: Inspection générale de l’administration de l’Éducation nationale et de la Recherche.Google Scholar
  21. Institute for Higher Education Policy (IHEP). (2005). The investment payoff. A 50-state analysis of the public and private benefits of higher education. Washington, DC. http://www.ihep.org/assets/files/publications/g-l/InvestmentPayoff.pdf. Accessed 15 Oct 2011.
  22. Kaiser F. (2007). Higher education in France. Country report. International Higher Education Monitor. Enschede: CHEPS.Google Scholar
  23. Liu, N. C. (2006). Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU). Presentation at Leiden University, 16 February 2006. http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/FunnyGuy-19604-presentation-prof-liu-Outline-Dream-Chinese-WCU-Extra-Funding-985-Project-2001-2003-Goals-Top-Universities-Quest-as-Entertainment-ppt-powerpoint/. Accessed 15 Oct 2011.
  24. Liu, N. C. (2007). The differentiation, classification, and future world-class status. In P. G. Altbach & J. Balán (Eds.), World-class world-wide. Transforming research universities in Asia and Latin America (pp. 54–69). Maryland: Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  25. Marginson, S., & van der Wende, M. (2007). Globalization and higher education (Education Working Paper No. 8). Paris: OECD.Google Scholar
  26. Minc, A. (Ed.). (1994). La France de l’an 2000. Rapport au Premier ministre. Paris: Odile Jacob/Documentation française.Google Scholar
  27. Ritzen, J. (2010). A chance for European universities? Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.Google Scholar
  28. Sadlak, J., & Cai, L. N. (Eds.). (2009). The world-class university as part of a new higher education paradigm: From institutional qualities to systemic excellence. Bucharest: UNESCO-CEPES.Google Scholar
  29. Salmi, J. (2009). The challenge of establishing world-class universities. Washington, DC: The World Bank.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Soulé, V. (2011, January 31). On rajoute des strates, sans en supprimer [We add layers, without removing]. Libération. http://www.liberation.fr/societe/01012316921-on-rajoute-des-strates-sans-en-supprimer. Accessed 15 Oct 2011.
  31. Tiberj, V. (2011). Sciences Po, dix ans après les Conventions Education Prioritaire. Paris: Science Po (Centre d’Etudes Européennes). www.sciencespo.fr/sites/default/files/CEP_Etude_VTiberj_final.pdf. Accessed 15 Oct 2011.
  32. Toulemonde, B., Post, A., Geoffroy, J., & Cyterman, J.-R. (2006). Le système éducatif en France. Paris: Documentation Française.Google Scholar
  33. Vincent-Lancrin, S. (2009). Cross-border higher education: trends and perspectives. In Centre for Education Research and Innovation (Eds.), Higher education to 2030. Vol. 2: Globalisation. Paris: OECD/ CERI.Google Scholar
  34. Vught, F., & Westerheijden, D. (2010). Multidimensional ranking: A new transparency tool for higher education and research. Higher Education Management and Policy, 22(3), 1–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Wildavsky, B. (2010). The great brain race – How global universities are reshaping the world. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leon Cremonini
    • 1
  • Paul Benneworth
    • 1
  • Hugh Dauncey
    • 2
  • Don F. Westerheijden
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Higher Education Policy StudiesUniversity of TwenteTwenteThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Department of French StudiesNewcastle UniversityNewcastle upon TyneUK

Personalised recommendations