Kindergarten Environments in Reggio Emilia, Bologna, Modena, and Parma, Italy In Search of Quality

  • Dolores Stegelin
  • Luciano Cecconi
Part of the Educating the Young Child book series (EDYC, volume 5)


Italian kindergartens are world-renown and they have developed within the context of educational reform in Italy that has occurred since the 1940s. In this chapter, three types of kindergartens are described: private, state-funded, and municipal. Included is a brief history of the evolution of kindergartens, description of the learning environments, teacher qualifications, and child populations. A summary of the findings of the comparative Global Guidelines Assessment study of kindergartens in Bologna, Parma, Modena and Reggio Emilia is also presented.


Early Childhood Educator Consensus Group Kindergarten Teacher Emilia Romagna Region Preschool Setting 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Corsaro, W., Molinari, L., & Rosari, K. (2002). Zena and Carlotta: Tran narratives and early education in the United States and Italy. Human Development, 45, 323–348.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Edwards, C., Gandini, L., & Forman, G. (1998). The hundred languages of children (2nd ed.). Westport: Ablex.Google Scholar
  3. New, R. (1990). Excellent early education: A city in Italy has it. Young Children, 45(6), 4–10.Google Scholar
  4. New, R. (1993). Reggio Emilia: Some lessons for U.S. educators. Accessed 15 Aug. 2010.
  5. OECD. (2001). Early childhood education and care policy in Italy. OECD Country Note, May 2001. Italy: Author.Google Scholar
  6. Rinaldi, C. (2006). In dialogue with Reggio Emilia: Listening, researching, and learning. London: Routledge-Taylor & Francis Group.Google Scholar
  7. Stegelin, D. (2010). Personal observation. Reggio Emilia, Italy.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Clemson UniversityClemsonUSA
  2. 2.School of EducationUniversity of Modena and Reggio EmiliaReggio EmiliaItaly

Personalised recommendations