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“Life Without Water”: The Sleeping Chironomid and Other Anhydrobiotic Invertebrates and Their Utilization in Astrobiology

  • Oleg Gusev
  • Takashi Okuda
Chapter
Part of the Cellular Origin, Life in Extreme Habitats and Astrobiology book series (COLE, volume 24)

Abstract

Anhydrobiosis is a state which allows complex organisms to withstand complete desiccation by effective preservation of biological molecules. Among the metazoans, the anhydrobiotic forms are found only in invertebrates and include representatives of five taxa: insects, crustaceans, rotifers, tardigrades, and nematodes. In dry state, in addition to survival of complete desiccation, these organisms demonstrate high cross-resistance to other abiotic stresses including extreme temperature fluctuations, organic solvents, vacuum, and even ionizing radiation. The anhydrobiotic invertebrates are an attractive model organisms for astrobiology in order to understand limits of resistance of terrestrial life to space environment and evaluation of possibility of interplanetary transfer of life because they have organized tissues, i.e., genetic and biochemical machineries similar to vertebrates. In this chapter, we review the main groups of anhydrobiotic invertebrates, outline aspects of their resistance to excessive abiotic stresses and chronology of utilization this group of organisms in outer space astrobiological experiments.

Keywords

International Space Station Space Environment Outer Space Space Vacuum Space Body 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Anhydrobiosis Research UnitNational Institute of Agrobiological SciencesTsukubaJapan

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