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Subsystems of the Bilateral Foreign Policy System and Their Actors’ Influence on Programme Formulation and Implementation

  • Peter K. Aurenhammer
Chapter
Part of the World Forests book series (WFSE, volume 13)

Abstract

This chapter defines networks and subsystems and stresses the relevancy to address these in policy research. It provides us with a theory-based approach to subsystems in foreign policy and how these are interlinked through gateways at various decision levels. It assumes that the influence that actors of different subsystems can attain depends on their integration into the other subsystems and on how independent they can make decisions within the subsystem they belong to. It shows empirically which actors attain gateway positions. Forest sector-relevant processes and policy factors, triggering decisions upon framing elements and affecting the forest sector policy, are described. It is shown that in Austria there prevails only a temporary forest sector network, while viable forest sector subsystems are found in Finland and Germany and a diminishing one in Sweden. Empirical findings clearly show the importance of institutionalised structures, also at subsystems of superior levels, for the integration of a forest sector subsystem and, hence, for out-reaching forest-related influence via gateways to superior levels. They also show that where such structures do not exist and forestry is subsumed under a cross-cutting policy, forestry actors face hard times.

Keywords

Expert Interview Recipient Country Forest Policy Sector Policy Forest Sector 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter K. Aurenhammer
    • 1
  1. 1.Chair of Forest and Nature Conservation PolicyGeorg-August-University of GöttingenGöttingenGermany

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