Using mainly official data, this chapter maps the position of female migrants in the labour market and society. It examines their comparative activity, unemployment, incomes and working conditions in order to contextualise some of the integration issues that have arisen with the new migration. Given the limitations of the official data, this chapter also focuses on irregular migration with particular emphasis on trafficking and informal employment in domestic services and prostitution. This chapter also critically evaluates the data generated by official European and national statistical institutions and national surveys on regular migration. Female migrant workers are concentrated in a narrow range of occupational sectors, and third-country migrant women in particular are over-represented in low-skilled, low-paid, vulnerable jobs and are more likely to be in part-time and temporary employment. The evidence indicates that third-country migrant women are incorporated into the labour market in particular ways which may reduce their ability to achieve long-term integration into both the labour market and wider society.
- Labour Market
- Migrant Worker
- Migrant Woman
- Undocumented Migration
- Female Migrant
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These statistics have to be interpreted with care since the SOPEMI data have not been standardised and are not therefore fully comparable at an international level.
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Ayres, R., Barber, T., Anthias, F., Cederberg, M. (2013). Profiling Female Migrants in Europe: Categories of Difference. In: Anthias, F., Kontos, M., Morokvasic-Müller, M. (eds) Paradoxes of Integration: Female Migrants in Europe. International Perspectives on Migration, vol 4. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-4842-2_2
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