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Dynamic Oligomeric Properties

  • Norbert W. Seidler
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 985)

Abstract

This chapter provides a foundation for further research into the relationship between dynamic oligomeric properties and functional diversity. The structural basis that underlies the conformational sub-states of the GAPDH oligomer is discussed. The issue of protein stability is given a thorough analysis, since it is well-established that the primary strategy for protein oligomerization is to stabilize conformation. Several factors that affect oligomerization are described, including chemical modification by synthetic reagents. The effects of native substrates and coenzymes are also discussed. The curious feature of chloride ions having a de-stabilizing effect on native GAPDH structure is described. Additionally, the role of adenine dinucleotides in tetramer-dimer equilibrium dynamics is suggested to be a major part of the physiological regulation of GAPDH structure and function. This chapter also contends that a vast amount of useful information can come from comparative analyses of diverse species, particularly regarding protein stability and subunit-subunit interaction. Lastly, the concept of domain exchange is introduced as a means of understanding the stabilization of dynamic oligomers, suggesting that inter-subunit contacts may also be a way of masking docking sites to other proteins.

Keywords

Adenine Nucleotide Succinic Anhydride Sedimentation Coefficient Bacillus Stearothermophilus Negative Cooperativity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Norbert W. Seidler
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiochemistryKansas City University of Medicine and BiosciencesKansas CityUSA

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