Transatlantic Policy Options to Address the Rapidly Changing Arctic

  • Sandra Cavalieri
  • R. Andreas Kraemer
Conference paper
Part of the NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security book series (NAPSC)


Impacts from rapidly occurring climate change in the Arctic region are creating shifts in economic priorities, especially in the energy, transport, fisheries and tourism sectors. Economic expansion combined with escalating environmental stress poses unique management challenges for these vulnerable socio-economic and ecological systems. This shifting economic landscape brings new challenges that threaten fragile Arctic ecosystems and the survival of indigenous communities and their way of life. Results from a multi-stakeholder transatlantic dialogue conducted through the Transatlantic Policy Options for Supporting Adaptations in the Marine Arctic (Arctic TRANSFORM) project in 2008–2009 reveal both sectoral and cross-sectoral regulatory gaps and present a set of policy options. Progress to ensure environmental security in the Arctic depends on the development of resilient, adaptable, and coherent governance regimes capable of protecting terrestrial, freshwater and marine ecosystems. However, the current governance framework is more a patchwork of legal instruments, ranging from soft-law arrangements to bilateral and multilateral agreements, supra-national, national and sub-national arrangements. In addition, most of these instruments and related institutions focus on global issues, rather than specifically targeting the Arctic. Thus, there is need for coordination in an integrated governance and regulatory system both among Arctic states and at the international level to manage the Arctic region.


European Union Indigenous People Arctic Ocean Environmental Governance International Maritime Organization 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This chapter presents a summary of the results from the Arctic TRANSFORM project, which captured conclusions from discussions among more than 50 experts during the course of the 18-month dialogue. The project was funded mainly through the European Commission Directorate General for External Relations as a pilot project for transatlantic methods for handling common global challenges with Grant Agreement No. SI2.484596. Additional funding was provided by the WWF and the Embassies of Finland and Denmark. Policy analysis was conducted by the project team, especially Aaron Best, Ralph Czarnecki (now Ralph Bodle), Michael Mehling (Ecologic Institute), Timo Koivurova (Arctic Centre, University of Lapland), Erik J. Molenaar (Netherlands Institute for the Law of the Sea, Utrecht University) and Robert Corell (Heinz Center). A complete set of project reports are available online at:

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ecologic InstituteBerlinGermany

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