The Study of Similarities Among Medicago sativa L. Accessions
Medicago sativa is grown on 65,000 ha of agricultural land in the Czech Republic. To produce high quality forage with high protein content Medicago sativa is a crucial fodder species and thus takes priority by Czech breeders. Descriptions of forage species of the family Fabaceae have been carried out in the Research Institute for Fodder Crops, Ltd. under the project “National Programme on Conservation and Utilization of Plant Genetic Resources and Agro-biodiversity”. 32 accessions (varieties) of Medicago sativa from four states (Czech Republic, France, Yemen, Hungary), were evaluated as spaced plants. 30 plants of each variety were planted on the field in the year 2009. In the year 2010 51 morphological, yield and qualitative characters were evaluated on ten plants of each origin. The average values of the observations per character and accession created the input matrix for evaluation by the method of cluster analysis. Similarities among accessions were determined on the basis of these results and correspond more or less to the origin of accessions and the geographical distance.
KeywordsCzech Republic Seed Weight Plant Genetic Resource High Quality Forage Complete Linkage Method
The work was supported by the Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic (National Programme on Conservation and Utilization of Plant Genetic Resources and Agro-biodiversity) and Ministry of education, youth and sports (Institutional research project no. MSM 2629608001).
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