Systems Metabolic Engineering of Escherichia coli for Chemicals, Materials, Biofuels, and Pharmaceuticals

  • Dokyun Na
  • Jin Hwan Park
  • Yu-Sin Jang
  • Jeong Wook Lee
  • Sang Yup Lee
Chapter

Abstract

Microorganisms are small but efficient micro-factories for producing bulk and value-added products. Systems biology and synthetic biology advanced during the last decade are enabling us to unravel the underlying complicated intracellular and intercellular mechanisms, to comprehensively understand them as a whole, and to rationally reconstruct metabolic and gene regulatory networks for the optimized production of target materials including non-innate materials. Recent advances in these fields have opened a new way of metabolic engineering, termed systems metabolic engineering. In this article, we review the achievements in systems metabolic engineering for the production of chemical compounds and materials, biofuels, and pharmaceuticals in a widely used microbial platform factory, Escherichia coli.

Keywords

Escherichia coli value-added products systems biology synthetic biology cell factory network reconstruction metabolic capability spider silk protein polyhydroxyalkanoate polylactic acid propanediol diamine putrescine cadaverine ethanol butanol isobutanol biodiesel hydrogen farnesol biofuel amino acids valine threonine isoprenoids artemisinin taxol pharmaceutical systems metabolic engineering computational model bio-materials polymer genome-scale model transcriptional profiling sustainable production bio-industry 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dokyun Na
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jin Hwan Park
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yu-Sin Jang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jeong Wook Lee
    • 1
    • 2
  • Sang Yup Lee
    • 3
  1. 1.Metabolic and Biomolecular Engineering National Research Laboratory, Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering (BK21 Program), BioProcess Engineering Research CenterKorea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST)DaejeonSouth Korea
  2. 2.Center for Systems and Synthetic BiotechnologyInstitute for the BioCentury, KAISTDaejeonSouth Korea
  3. 3.Metabolic and Biomolecular Engineering National Research Laboratory, Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering (BK21 Program), Center for Systems and Synthetic BiotechnologyInstitute for the BioCentury, KAISTDaejeonRepublic of Korea

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