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RNA Polymerase III Transcription – Regulated by Chromatin Structure and Regulator of Nuclear Chromatin Organization

  • Chiara Pascali
  • Martin Teichmann
Chapter
Part of the Subcellular Biochemistry book series (SCBI, volume 61)

Abstract

RNA polymerase III (Pol III) transcription is regulated by modifications of the chromatin. DNA methylation and post-translational modifications of histones, such as acetylation, phosphorylation and methylation have been linked to Pol III transcriptional activity. In addition to being regulated by modifications of DNA and histones, Pol III genes and its transcription factors have been implicated in the organization of nuclear chromatin in several organisms. In yeast, the ability of the Pol III transcription system to contribute to nuclear organization seems to be dependent on direct interactions of Pol III genes and/or its transcription factors TFIIIC and TFIIIB with the structural maintenance of chromatin (SMC) protein-containing complexes cohesin and condensin. In human cells, Pol III genes and transcription factors have also been shown to colocalize with cohesin and the transcription regulator and genome organizer CCCTC-binding factor (CTCF). Furthermore, chromosomal sites have been identified in yeast and humans that are bound by partial Pol III machineries (extra TFIIIC sites – ETC; chromosome organizing clamps – COC). These ETCs/COC as well as Pol III genes possess the ability to act as boundary elements that restrict spreading of heterochromatin.

Keywords

tRNA Gene Condensin Complex International Human Genome Sequencing Consortium Roberts Syndrome Cohesin Loading 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors’ laboratory is funded by the national league against cancer (Equipe labellisée par la Ligue National Contre le Cancer). In addition it has received grants from the French national institutes of health (INSERM), the national research agency (ANR), the national institute of cancer (INCa), the regional government of Aquitaine and the French-Italian University.

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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut Européen de Chimie et Biologie (IECB)Université Bordeaux Segalen / INSERM U869PessacFrance

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