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Methodological themes in Farming Systems Research and implications for learning in higher education

  • David GibbonEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Many innovatory Farming Systems Research approaches emerged as a response to narrowly focused disciplinary science and the top-down technology transfer models of the 1960s. These approaches included: the move from disciplinary to trans-disciplinary thinking and practice, rapid survey techniques including agro-ecosystems analysis, farmer participatory learning and action, farmer experimentation and innovation and new linkages between research and extension. Many of these methodologies were first developed in countries of the South, but they have also been incorporated into research and higher education systems of the North. Over the period of the European IFSA Symposia, more systems of interest have emerged, such as: trans-disciplinary social learning, the analysis of multi-functionality in rural livelihood systems, and the search for sustainability through adaptive management of farming systems. Key contributors have continued to build on the legacies of systems pioneers and have ensured that those new to Farming Systems Research can learn the basic principles, which remain grounded in the history of the movement and in progressive, systemic thinking.

Keywords

System Thinking Farmer Field School System Researcher Multifunctional Farm Farming System Research 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Agricultural and Rural Livelihood SystemsChurch StrettonUK

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