Advertisement

The Territory Agronomy Approach in research, education and training

  • Sylvie LardonEmail author
  • Anna-Camilla Moonen
  • Elisa Marraccini
  • Marta Debolini
  • Mariassunta Galli
  • Salma Loudiyi

Abstract

Landscape and territory agronomy analyses the two-way relationship between farming practices and land patterns. It takes into account both agro-environmental and socio-economic processes. A conceptual framework is presented to facilitate understanding of the complex interactions between the disciplines that contribute to this new field of research. We discuss the organisational issues that arise at various spatial and temporal scales during the development of territory-based case studies and research projects. The territory agronomy approach is a participatory action science. Building on our experiences, we propose a conceptual research-education-action platform for land management and territorial development. It demonstrates that the Territory Agronomy Approach is an iterative process where researchers, teachers, trainers and stakeholders develop new questions and methods through participation. These characteristics make the territory agronomy approach adapted to promote the territorial dimension in research, education and training activities on farming systems.

Keywords

Agricultural Landscape Rural Landscape Territorial Development Landscape Transformation Aerial Photo Interpretation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

We want to clarify that the development of the Territory Agronomy Approach is an ongoing process which results from various interaction the authors have in their research projects and education and training experiences. We are therefore grateful to all colleagues, students and stakeholders we have interacted with in the past years, and all participants to the 2008 and 2010 IFSA sessions on ‘Education in Landscape and Territory Agronomy’. We want to express special thanks to the following people for their significant contribution to the development of the Territory Agronomy Approach: Enrico Bonari, Paolo Bàrberi, Marc Benoit, Patrick Caron, Claudine Thenail, Hélène Rapey, Teresa Pinto-Correia and Davide Rizzo. Thanks again to Davide for preparing the Fig. 12.4, the Landscape and Territory Agronomy framework.

References

  1. Angeon, V., & Lardon, S. (2008). Participation and governance in territorial development projects. The ‘territory game’ as a local leadership system. International Journal of Sustainable Development, 11, 262–281.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Benoit, M., Crépineau, C., Feidt, C., Amiaud, B., Le Roux, Y., Piutti, S., & Jurjanz, S. (2008). When students faced rural realities: Learning complexity in a rural region. In Proceedings of the 8th European IFSA Symposium, Clermont Ferrand, France (pp. 1011–1016). From www.ifsa-europe.org
  3. Benoît, M., & Lardon, S. (2010). When students faced rural and peri-urban realities: An interactive module on ‘Local integrated management for rural development’ case. In Proceedings of the 9th European IFSA Symposium, Vienna, Austria (pp. 2217–2221). From www.ifsa-europe.org
  4. Benoît, M., Rizzo, D., Marraccini, E., Moonen, C., Galli, M., Lardon S., Rapey, H., Thenail, C., & Bonari, E. (under review). Landscape agronomy: A new perspective for research on agricultural landscapes. Landscape Ecology, under review.Google Scholar
  5. Boiffin, J. (2004). Dossier Interdisciplinarité: Territoire: agronomie, géographie, écologie, où en est-on ? Le point de vue d’un chercheur agronome. Natures Sciences Sociétés, 12, 307–309.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Borin, M., Sartori, L., & Menini, C. (1997). Effects of tillage systems on energy and carbon balance in north-eastern Italy. Soil and Tillage Research, 40, 209–226.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bradley, F., Carlesi, S., Moonen, A.-C., & Bàrberi, P. (2010). Knowing the landscape to understand the territory: A case study in agronomy education. In Proceedings of the 9th European IFSA Symposium, Vienna, Austria (pp. 2191–2200). From www.ifsa-europe.org
  8. Breton, M. J., Tassone, V., de Groot, R., Camilleri, M., & Moncada, S. (2011). A framework for participatory impact assessment: Involving stakeholders in European policy making, a case study of land use change in Malta. Ecology and Society, 16, 29. From http://wwwecologyandsociety.org/vol16/iss1/art29/
  9. Brunet, R. (1986). La carte-modèle et les chorèmes. Mappemonde, 86, 3–6.Google Scholar
  10. Burel, F., & Baudry, J. (1995). Species biodiversity in changing agricultural landscapes: A case study in the Pays d‘Auge, France. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 55, 193–200.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Carmona-Torres, C., Parra-Lopez, C., Groot, J. C. J., & Rossing, W. A. H. (2011). Collective action for multi-scale environmental management: Achieving landscape policy objectives through cooperation of local resource managers. Landscape and Urban Planning, 103, 24–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Caron, P. (2005). À quels territoires s’intéressent les agronomes? Le point de vue d’un géographe tropicaliste. Natures Sciences Sociétés, 13, 145–153.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Darnhofer, I., Gibbon, D., & Dedieu, B. (2012). Farming Systems Research: An approach to inquiry. In I. Darnhofer, D. Gibbon, & B. Dedieu (Eds.), Farming Systems Research into the 21st century: A new dynamic (pp. 3–31). Dordrecht: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Debarbieux, B., & Lardon, S. (2003). Figures du projet territorial. Paris: Éditions de l’Aube.Google Scholar
  15. Debolini, M. (2010). Evoluzione dell’agricoltura e problematiche di conservazione del suolo nei territori agricoli mediterranei. Perfezionamento in Scienze Agrarie, Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna, Pisa.Google Scholar
  16. Deffontaines, J.-P. (1998). Les sentiers d’un géoagronome. Paris: Editions Arguments.Google Scholar
  17. Deffontaines, J.-P., Thenail, C., & Baudry, J. (1995). Agricultural systems and landscape patterns: how can we build a relationship? Landscape and Urban Planning, 31, 3–10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Dodd, M. B., Wedderburn, M. E., Parminter, T. G., Thorrold, B. S., & Quinn, J. M. (2008). Transformation toward agricultural sustainability in New Zealand hill country pastoral landscapes. Agricultural Systems, 98, 95–107.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Dosso, M., & Soulard, C. (2008). Landscape study of the interactions between nature and society: A training course to analyse and agrarian system in a territory. In Proceedings of the 8th European IFSA Symposium, Clermont Ferrand, France (pp. 955–960). From www.ifsa-europe.org
  20. EEA. (2010). The European environment – State and outlook 2010. Copenhagen: European Environmental Agency.Google Scholar
  21. Egoz, S., Bowring, J., & Perkins, H. C. (2001). Tastes in tension: Form, function and meaning in New Zealand’s farmed landscapes. Landscape and Urban Planning, 57, 177–196.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Etienne, M., Monteil, C., & Legras, M. (2008). Teaching companion modelling to agronomy students: An original way to integrate concepts in agriculture and environment. In Proceedings of the 8th European IFSA Symposium, Clermont Ferrand, France (pp. 979–983). From www.ifsa-europe.org
  23. European Union. (2010). Agriculture in the European Union – Statistical and economic information 2009. http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/agrista/2009/table_en/2009enfinal.pdf. Accessed 15 Oct 2010.
  24. Eurostat. (2009). LUCAS maps – Landscape diversity expressed as Shannon Evenness Index, by NUTS 2 regions. http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/lucas/data/lucas_maps. Accessed 30 Sept 2011.
  25. Gibbon, D. (2012). Methodological themes in Farming Systems Research and implications for learning in higher education. In I. Darnhofer, D. Gibbon, & B. Dedieu (Eds.), Farming Systems Research into the 21st century: The new dynamic (pp. 95–115). Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
  26. Giupponi, C., Eiselt, B., & Ghetti, P. F. (1999). A multicriteria approach for mapping risks of agricultural pollution for water resources: The Venice Lagoon watershed case study. Journal of Environmental Management, 56, 259–269.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Halada, L., Evans, D., Romao, C., & Petersen, J. E. (2011). Which habitats of European importance depend on agricultural practices? Biodiversity and Conservation, 20, 2365–2378.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Ison, R. (2012). Systems practice: Making the systems in Farming Systems Research effective. In I. Darnhofer, D. Gibbon, & B. Dedieu (Eds.), Farming Systems Research into the 21st century: The new dynamic (pp. 141–157). Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
  29. Lardon, S. (2006). La modélisation graphique. In M. Benoît, J.-P. Deffontaines, & S. Lardon (Eds.), Acteurs et territoires locaux. Vers une géoagronomie de l’aménagement (pp. 33–55). Paris: Editions INRA.Google Scholar
  30. Lardon, S. (2009). Former des ingénieurs-projets en développement territorial. Un itinéraire méthodologique pour faciliter la participation des acteurs. In P. Béguin & M. Cerf (Eds.), Dynamiques des savoirs, dynamiques des changements (pp. 209–227). Toulouse: Editions Octarés.Google Scholar
  31. Lardon, S., Moquay, P., & Poss, Y. (2007). Développement territorial et diagnostic prospectif. Réflexions autour du viaduc de Millau. Paris: Editions de l’Aube.Google Scholar
  32. Lardon, S., Angeon, V., Trognon, L., & LeBlanc, P. (2010a). Usage du ‘jeu de territoire’ pour faciliter la construction d’une vision partagée du territoire dans une démarche participative. In D. Ricard (Ed.), Développement durable des territoires: de la mobilisation des acteurs aux démarches participatives (Ceramac N°28, pp. 129–145). Clermont-Ferrand: Presses Universitaires Blaise Pascal.Google Scholar
  33. Lardon, S., Loudiyi, S., Galli, M., Marraccini, E., Houdart, M., & Bonari, E. (2010b). From territory agronomy to regional planning: Agricultural management in periurban areas. In Proceedings of the 9th European IFSA Symposium, Vienna, Austria (pp. 2201–2205). From www.ifsa-europe.org
  34. Lazrak, E. G., Mari, J. F., & Benoît, M. (2010). Landscape regularity modelling for environmental challenges in agriculture. Landscape Ecology, 25, 169–183.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Marraccini, E. (2010). La valutazione delle funzioni agro-ambientali: un approccio agronomico-territoriale. Tesi di Perfezionamento in Scienze Agrarie, Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna, Italy and AgroParisTech, France. http://pastel.archives-ouvertes.fr/pastel-00589832/fr/. Accessed 28 Sept 2011.
  36. Martin, P. (2008). A role-playing game allowing students to experiment with the benefits of territory agronomy to prevent natural disasters. In Proceedings of the 8th European IFSA Symposium, Clermont Ferrand, France (pp. 985–990). From www.ifsa-europe.org
  37. Martin, G., Felten, B., & Duru, M. (2011). Forage rummy: A game to support the participatory design of adapted livestock systems. Environmental Modeling and Software, 26, 1442–1453.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Michelin, Y., Gustavsson, R., Pinto Correia, T., Briffaud, S., Geelmuyden, A. K., Konkolyne-Gyuro, E., & Pirnat, J. (2008). The Landscape Ambassador Experience: Towards a new educational approach for improving landscape planning and management with farming systems and the European Landscape Convention in mind. In Proceedings of the 8th European IFSA Symposium, Clermont Ferrand, France (pp. 961–970). From www.ifsa-europe.org
  39. Moonen, A. C., Galli, M., Lardon, S., Rapey, H., Silvestri, N., Benoit, M., Thenail, C., Marraccini, E., Rizzo, R., Debolini, M., Bàrberi, P., & Bonari, E. (2010). A winter school in landscape agronomy and the synergies it created. In Proceedings of the 9th European IFSA Symposium, Vienna, Austria (pp. 2176–2183). From www.ifsa-europe.org
  40. Nassauer, J. I., & Opdam, P. (2008). Design in science: Extending the landscape ecology paradigm. Landscape Ecology, 23, 633–644.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Paradis, S., Douglas Mankin, K., Hutchinson, S., Gay, M., & Selfa, T. (2010). AREM: An original joint educational program to improve the sustainability of agricultural natural resources and environmental management. In Proceedings of the 9th European IFSA Symposium, Vienna, Austria (pp. 2184–2190). From www.ifsa-europe.org
  42. Pelosi, C., Goulard, M., & Balent, G. (2010). The spatial scale mismatch between ecological processes and agricultural management: Do difficulties come from underlying theoretical frameworks? Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 139, 455–462.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Pinto-Correira, T., Michelin, Y., & Ramos, I. A. J. (2010). Analyzing transition processes in rural landscapes: The farm systems approach. In Proceedings of the 9th European IFSA Symposium, Vienna, Austria (pp. 2222–2227). From www.ifsa-europe.org
  44. Poudel, D. D., Midmore, D. J., & West, L. T. (2000). West Farmer participatory research to minimize soil erosion on steepland vegetable systems in the Philippines. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 79, 113–127.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Prévost, P. (Ed.). (2005). Agronomes et territoires. Deuxième édition des Entretiens du Pradel. Paris: L’Harmattan.Google Scholar
  46. Rapey, H., Lardon, S., Galli, M., Moonen, C., Benoit, M., Thenail, C., Barberi, P., Caron, P., Marraccini, E., Rizzo, & Bonari, E. (2008). Experiences from a winter school on landscape agronomy: Stakes, difficulties, perspectives. In Proceedings of the 8th European IFSA Symposium, Clermont Ferrand, France (pp. 999–1004). From www.ifsa-europe.org
  47. Styger, E., Rakotondramasy, H. M., Pfeffer, M. J., Fernandes, E. C. M., & Bates, D. M. (2007). Influence of slash-and-burn farming practices on fallow succession and land degradation in the rainforest region of Madagascar. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 119, 257–269.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Tasser, E., Ruffini, F. V., & Tappeiner, U. (2009). An integrative approach for analysing landscape dynamics in diverse cultivated and natural mountain areas. Landscape Ecology, 24, 611–628.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Thenail, C., & Baudry, J. (2004). Variation of farm spatial land use pattern according to the structure of the hedgerow network (bocage) landscape: A case study in northeast Brittany. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 101, 53–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Therond, O., Bergez, J.-E., Paillard, D., Grieu, P., Willaume, M., Ouin, A., & Auricoste, C. (2010). From farm, landscape and territory analysis to scenario exercise: An educational programme on participatory integrated analysis. In Proceedings of the 9th European IFSA Symposium, Vienna, Austria (pp. 2206–2216). From www.ifsa-europe.org
  51. Tress, B., Tress, G., Fry, G., & Opdam, P. (2005). From landscape research to landscape planning: Aspects of integration, education and application. Heidelberg: Springer.Google Scholar
  52. Visser, M., Moran, J., Regan, E., Gormally, M., & Skeffington, M. S. (2007). The Irish agri-environment: How turlough users and non-users view converging EU agendas of Natura 2000 and CAP. Land Use Policy, 24, 362–373.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Willemen, L., Verburg, P. H., Hein, L., & van Mensvoort, M. E. F. (2008). Spatial characterization of landscape functions. Landscape and Urban Planning, 88, 34–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Zhang, C., Tian, H., Pan, S., Liu, M., Lockaby, G., Schilling, E. B., & Stanturf, J. (2008). Effects of forest regrowth and urbanization on ecosystem carbon storage in a rural-urban gradient in the south-eastern United States. Ecosystems, 11, 1211–1222.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sylvie Lardon
    • 1
    Email author
  • Anna-Camilla Moonen
    • 2
  • Elisa Marraccini
    • 2
  • Marta Debolini
    • 2
  • Mariassunta Galli
    • 2
  • Salma Loudiyi
    • 3
  1. 1.INRA and AgroParisTech, UMR MétafortClermont-FerrandFrance
  2. 2.Institute of Life SciencesScuola Superiore Sant’AnnaPisaItaly
  3. 3.VetAgroSup, UMR MétafortClermont-FerrandFrance

Personalised recommendations