Models of Solar Total and Spectral Irradiance Variability of Relevance for Climate Studies

Part of the Springer Atmospheric Sciences book series (SPRINGERATMO)


The variable radiative output of the Sun is a prime external driver of the Earth’s climate system. Just how effective this driver is has remained relatively uncertain, however, partly due to missing knowledge on the exact variation of the Sun’s irradiance over time in different parts of the solar spectrum. Due to the limited length of the time series of measured irradiance and inconsistencies between different measurements, models of solar irradiance variation are particularly important. Here we provide an overview of progress over the last half decade in the development and application of the SATIRE family of models. For the period after 1974, the model makes use of the full-disc magnetograms of the Sun and reproduces up to 97 % of the measured irradiance variation. Over this time frame, there is no evidence for any non-magnetic change in the solar irradiance on time scales longer than about a day. We have also been able to compute total solar irradiance since the Maunder minimum and further into the past throughout the whole Holocene. The Sun’s spectral irradiance from the Lyman α line in the UV to the far infrared has also been reconstructed throughout the telescopic era.


Sunspot Number Solar Irradiance Solar Surface Total Solar Irradiance Spectral Irradiance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This work was supported by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, DFG project number SO 711/1 and by the WCU grant No. R31-10016 funded by the Korean Ministry of Education, Science and Technology.


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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Max-Planck-Institut für SonnensystemforschungKatlenburg-LindauGermany
  2. 2.School of Space ResearchKyung Hee UniversityGyeonggiKorea

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