Fossil Kinosternidae from the Oligocene and Miocene of Florida, USA

Chapter
Part of the Vertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology book series (VERT)

Abstract

Kinosternid remains are generally rare through the Oligocene and Miocene. Fossil material from eight Florida localities is presented here. Specimens discussed include the latest and most southeastern occurrence of the genus Xenochelys (new species), one of the earliest occurrences of Kinosternon, the oldest record of the Kinosternon subrubrum-baurii group in Florida, and the presence of Miocene Kinosternon species either convergent with or closely related to taxa that occur today in the southwestern United States and Central-South America.

Keywords

Arikareean  Kinosternidae  Kinosternon Miocene Xenochelys 

Notes

Acknowledgments

I wish to thank the following for their assistance during this study: R. Hulbert, Jr., J. Bloch, D. Ehret, K. Krysko, and A. Hastings (FLMNH); P. Holroyd and H. Hutchison (UCMP); W. Joyce, D. Brinkman, and S. Chester (YPM); C. Mehling (AMNH); J. Knight (South Carolina State Museum), J. Waldrop for locality information and donation of his Suwannee Springs material. Additionally, Don Brinkman (Royal Tyrrell Museum), R. Hulbert, Jr. (FLMNH), G. Gaffney (AMNH), G. Morgan (New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science), and J. Parham (Alabama Museum of Natural History) provided helpful comments and suggestions that greatly improved this manuscript, and Jim Gardner (Royal Tyrrell Museum) did the final editing and formatting. This is University of Florida Contribution to Paleobiology 632.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Vertebrate PaleontologyFlorida Museum of Natural History, Dickinson Hall, University of FloridaGainesvilleUSA

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