Craniopharyngioma: The Role of Radiation

  • John Varlotto
  • Cheng Saw
  • Richard Croley
  • Martin Pavelic
Chapter
Part of the Tumors of the Central Nervous System book series (TCNS, volume 8)

Abstract

Although surgical resection is considered to be the primary first treatment when a patient presents with a craniopharyngioma, only 35% of such tumors present in locations that permit the possibility of complete resection. Radiotherapy was been used in the treatment of craniopharyngiomas for over 50 years. Although old techniques used opposed lateral portals directed to the sella turcica, modern radiotherapeutic techniques via the use of ct-based treatment planning and MRI fusion have permitted tighter treatment volumes which allow for better tumor control while limiting complications. Intracavitary radiotherapy with radio-isotopes and stereotactic radiosurgery may have a role in the treatment of recurrent cystic and solid recurrences respectively.

Keywords

Diabetes Insipidus Stereotactic Radiosurgery Cystic Component Sella Turcica Margin Dose 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Varlotto
    • 1
  • Cheng Saw
    • 1
  • Richard Croley
    • 1
  • Martin Pavelic
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Radiation OncologyPennsylvania State UniversityHersheyUSA

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